Alloy Steel Pipes can be used in a wide range of industrial sectors including chemical, petrochemicals and other energy-related applications because of its high corrosion resistance.
Some facts about Alloy Steel Pipes:
Alloy steel is formed when other elements comprising metals and non-metals are added to carbon steel.
Alloy steels has different environmental, chemical and physical properties depending on the elements used to alloy.
The micro-structures, heat-treatment conditions and mechanical properties can get affected by alloying.
The content of carbon can be reduced and other elements such as manganese or nickel can be added to make high strength steel with required weldability as carbon steel alone will not serve the purpose because the inherent brittleness of carbon will make the weld brittle.
The various properties of alloy steel will be determined by the composition and proportion of alloying elements.
Low alloy steels can have up to 8 percent alloying elements whereas high alloy steels will have more than 8 percent alloying elements.
Applications requiring moderate corrosion resistance properties with good durability and at an economical cost are suitable for using Alloy Steel Pipe.
These pipes are preferred in those sector where carbon steel pipes may fail.
High alloys and low alloy steels are classes of alloy steels available. The alloying content ranges below 5 percent in low alloy steels pipes whereas the alloying content of a high alloy steel would range between 5 percent to about 50 percent.
The working pressure ability of an Alloy Steel Seamless Pipe is about 20 percent higher than a welded pipe.
The seam present on the Alloy Steel ERW Pipe can be reduced through a surface treatment.
The corrosion resistance properties of Alloy Steel Pipes are much lower than stainless steels but higher than carbon steel pipes.
The A335 is a specification for seamless ferritic alloy steel pipe which are intended for high temperature services.
There are P1, P2 through P91 and P92 grades of which the most commonly used are the p5, p9, p11, p22, p91 and the p91 grades.
Aluminium is an alloying element that can be added to carbon steel to rid steel of phosphorous, sulfur and oxygen
Chromium can be added to increase toughness, hardness and wear resistance where as Copper can be added to increase corrosion resistance and harness.
Manganese is added to carbon steel to increase high-temperature strength, wear resistance, ductility and hardenability
Nickel is added to carbon steel to increase corrosion, oxidation resistance and strength.
Silicon is added to carbon steel to increase magnetism and strength.
Tungsten is added to carbon steel to increase strength and hardness of the element where as Vanadium is added to carbon steel to increase corrosion, strength, shock resistance and toughness.
Bismuth, cobalt, molybdenum, titanium, selenium, tellurium, lead, boron, sulfur, nitrogen, zirconium and niobium are some of the other alloying elements that provide varied properties
These alloying elements can be added to carbon steel singly or in various combinations depending on the properties desired.
Alloy steel pipes are used in the building and construction industry because of their ductility, ease of fixing without heat treatment and high durability
Usually, Alloy Steel Pipes are an alloy of stainless steel, chromium and nickel.
Large diameter welded pipes, electric fusion welded pipes, welded pipes and seamless pipes are some of the special types of alloy steel pipes which are are suitable for high temperature or corrosive applications besides high pressure environments.
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