Brown Rice is a whole-grain rice with the inedible outer hull removed. Brown rice is a whole grain and a good source of magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, and manganese, and is high in fiber. Germinated grains in general have nutritional advantages. Germinated brown rice (GBR), developed during the International Year of Rice, is brown rice that has been soaked for 4–20 hours in warm 40 °C (104 °F) water before cooking. This stimulates germination, which activates various enzymes in the rice, giving rise to a more complete amino acid profile, including GABA.
Cooked brown rice tends to be chewy where as cooked GBR is softer, and preferred particularly by children. Brown rice generally needs longer cooking times than white rice. It has a lower glycemic index. So, is less likely to contribute to type-2 diabetes. It has more micronutrients and more fiber.
Types of Brown Rice:
The bran layers that remain on the rice when it goes through the hulling process is the factor for which Brown rice gets its color, flavor and texture. It's milled for less time than white rice, which is why it retains the bran layers and is known for being a healthy source of fiber. It has a chewy texture and nut-like flavor. Varieties of brown rice such as Jasmine or Basmati still contain their germ and bran layers, providing a range of important nutrients including B vitamins, bone-building phosphorus, and magnesium.
There are four different types of brown rice: short grain, medium grain, long grain and light brown. Each takes a different amount of times to cook.
Short Grain Brown Rice:
Short grain brown rice consists of small kernels and has a very sticky texture when it's cooked. Because of this, it works well for rice puddings and similar desserts, as well as risotto. Short grain brown rice requires 25 minutes of cooking time after being soaked overnight.
Medium Grain Brown Rice:
Medium grain brown rice is larger and more plump than the small grain variety, but not as large as the long grain. It becomes moist and tender when cooked, making it an excellent component for soups, salads and side dishes. This type of brown rice is done in 15 to 20 minutes wWhen soaked for at least four hours and cooked with two parts of salted water.
Long Grain Brown Rice:
People are most familiar with the long grain variety. This type has familiar golden brown color, chewy texture and nutty flavor. Long grain brown rice is commonly used in a variety of dishes, including rice pilaf and stir fry. Long grain brown rice requires 45 minutes of cooking time.
Light Brown Rice:
When half of the bran is removed during the milling process, Brown rice becomes light brown rice. The rice kernel has a light brown color, slightly nutty flavor and less fiber. It has a significantly shorter cooking time than regular long grain brown rice. It may take 20 minutes to cook.
Brown Rice is available in many brands and varieties in market. Some of these are as below:
Organic Basmati Brown Rice:
This is high quality Certified organic products with no synthetic or artificial chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Unpolished rice which is rich in fibre, making it more healthy and nutritious. It has a distinct, original taste and does not contain toxins because of its highly organic nature. This Brown basmati rice is less refined and therefore low on fats too. This rice is specifically good for all those who are conscious about their weight.
Brown Karun Kuruvai Rice:
Karun Kuruvai is an important sub species of Kuruvai family. It gives strength to the bourn.It is also called Indian 'vyagra'. It has many medicinal qualities. Karun Kuruvai is consumed to treat Elephantiasis arthritis. It is also given to patients suffering from chickenpox. It is a orthopedic rice. It gives more immunity to the body. Has the ability to reduce "silvisham". Karun Kuruvai would make for ideal Idlis and Dosas.
Organic Sona Masoori Brown Rice:
Brown Sona Masoori Rice is a small grain, unpolished rice which has its rich fiber bran coating intact which makes it more nutritious and healthy. Brown Sona Masoori Rice is usually consumed as an everyday rice and has a more subdued flavor than traditional basmati rice. Brown Sona Masoori Rice is whole grain, high in fiber and rich in vitamins and minerals.
Getatoz is providing some great quality brown rice with an ideal price in many top brands.
Top 6 brands that are available in India are:
- Daawat Quick Cooking Brown Rice
- India gate brown rice
- Down to earth organic brown rice
- Lal Qilla Brown Basmati Rice
- Kohinoor brown basmati rice
- 24Mantra Sonamasuri Organic Brown Rice