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Non Woven Machine Conveyor Belt

Non Woven Machine Conveyor Belt
Price : Rs 27000 / Piece

Garg Textile

Plot No 72, Industrial Area, Sector 26, Bhiwani, Haryana, 127021, India

Conveyor Systems & Components:

A conveyor system is a piece of mechanical handling equipment that is used to move materials from one location to another.

Some facts about Conveyor Systems:

Conveyors are especially useful in the transportation of heavy or bulky materials.
A conveyor system is a fast and efficient method  for automatically transporting loads and materials within an area. 
Human error can be minimized, workplace risks can be lowered and  labor costs can be reduced by using Conveyor Systems.
A belt, wheels, rollers, or a chain can be used in a conveyor system to transport objects.
The belt can be kept taut and run efficiently by using a firm support unit.
The belt movement can be controlled by the pulley system. There will be at least two pulleys in a conveyor system, one that operates under power and an idle one. There will be additional rotors throughout the frame in more complex conveyor systems.
A counter bearing is there to keep the parts moving efficiently and allow for the belt to move in reverse. The repeated adjustments can be managed in direction for some systems.
The manually operated systems use a drive unit. But it is not motorized.
An ideal conveyor system must be operationally safe, energy efficient, reliable, adaptable to changing needs and cost effective.
Powered transfers, dead plates, side to side transfers, gravity rollers, etc. are used in most conveyors to facilitate transferring of items.

Working of Conveyor Systems:

  • Conveyor systems typically consist of a belt stretched across two or more pulleys. 
  • A closed loop is formed around the pulleys by the belt so it can continually rotate.
  • The drive pulley is use to drive or tow the belt, moving items from one location to another.
  • A rotor is used in the most common conveyor system designs to power the drive pulley and belt.
  • The belt is attached to the rotor through the friction between the two surfaces.
  • Both the drive pulley and idler must run in the same direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise for the belt to move effectively.
  • Conventional conveyor systems such as moving walkways and grocery store conveyors are generally straight.
  • However, the unit needs to turn sometimes to deliver the items to the proper location.
  • There are unique cone-shaped wheels or rotors which allow the belt to follow a bend or twist without getting tangled for the turns.

Benefits of Conveyor Systems:

  • Conveyor systems are mostly used  to move objects from one location to another as the design allows for movement of objects that are too heavy or too bulky for humans to carry by hand.
  • Time can be saved when transporting items from one location to another by using conveyor systems.
  • Moving items up and down floors can be made easier with conveyor systems which is when performed manually by humans, causes physical strain. 
  • Material can be unload automatically eliminating the need for someone to be on the opposite end to receive pieces.

Types of Conveyor Systems:

  • Belt, Roller, Slat/apron, Ball transfer, Overhead, Pneumatic, Bucket, Chute, Magnetic, Vertical, Wheel, Walking beam, Vibrating, Screw/auger and Chain are different types of conveyor systems.
  • A specific purpose is served by each type of conveyor.
  • The materials conveyed by a slat system are typically too large or heavy as a slat conveyor that is made from slats or plates instead of a belt, is designed for moving heavy materials. 
  • The chain conveyor uses a towing system that pulls the steps in an upward or downward motion instead of having a pulley system that pulls items along.
  • Escalator is an example of a chain-driven conveyor system.
  • Ski lifts are an example of an overhead conveyor in which an electric track inclined is used to pull the chairs up or down the mountainside.
  • These systems use a chain-driven towing system like an escalator.

Parts of Conveyor Systems:

The belt support, the pulley and the drive unit are three main parts of a conveyor system.
An essential role is played by each component in the operation of  conveyor unit.
Although, all conveyor systems contain these parts, designs vary in the construction materials and the location of each component.
Belt support is an important component to ensure the belt moves smoothly as the belt sags when a heavy object is placed on top, and this causes the belt not to move smoothly or swiftly as it should because of the sagging if the support unit is not firm.
A firm support unit can keep the belt taut and running efficiently.
The pulley system is an external component that is used to control the belt movement.
Each unit has at least two pulleys, out of which one is used to operate under power and he other one is an idle one.
Additional rotors throughout the frame will be there in more complex conveyor systems.
The drive unit allows the system to move as it contains a counter bearing that keeps the parts moving efficiently.
The belt is also allowed to move in reverse and the repeated adjustments in direction can be managed for some systems.
Some conveyor systems are manually operated in which a drive unit is still used. However, it is not motorized.

Conveyor Belt:

A conveyor belt is the carrying medium of a belt conveyor system that consists of two or more pulleys, with the conveyor belt which rotates about them. 
A conveyor belt is considered as a labor saving system as it allows large volumes to move rapidly through a process.
Companies can ship or receive higher volumes with smaller storage space and with labor expense by using a conveyor belt.
These are durable and reliable components mostly used in automated distribution and warehousing, as well as manufacturing and production facilities.
This allows for more efficient retail, wholesale, and manufacturing distribution in combination with computer-controlled pallet handling equipment.
Both regular and irregular shaped objects, large or small, light and heavy, can be transported successfully as products are conveyed directly on the belt.
Sandwich Belt conveyor firmly contain the items being carried in a 'sandwich-like' hold as the two conventional conveyor belts used in it are positioned face to face.
Products can be transported in a straight line or through changes in elevation or direction by using a belt conveyors
There are three different types of conveyor belts, namely the basic belt, snake sandwich belt and long belt.
A basic belt conveyor can be motorized or require manual effort and consists of two or more pulleys that hold one continuous length of material.
All the items on the belt are carried forward when the belt moves forward in these types of belts.
Two separate conveyor belts are set up parallel to each other and hold the product in place while moving along the belt in the snake sandwich conveyor.
A system of three drive units are used to move materials over a long distance in a long belt conveyor.

Conveyor Pulleys:

A conveyor pulley is used at either end of a conveyor, or near the drive/motor.
Pulleys are made up of various components including the shell, end disk, shaft, hub and locking assembly.
Modern conveyor pulleys are made of rolled shells with flexible end disks and locking assemblies.
The locking assembly can be replaced with a hub and bushing on lower tension pulleys.
The shell is also referred to as the rim and the end disk and hub may be one piece.
Usually, a conveyor consist of at least two pulleys, head pulley and tail pulley.
However, additional pulleys can be used in a conveyor depending on the configuration.
Usually, standard-duty pulleys adequate for simple applications.
Mine-duty and engineered pulleys are used where heavy-duty pulleys are required.
Drive pulleys are driven by a motor and power transmission unit to propel the belt and material to the discharge.
Drive pulleys can also be the head pulley that is used for the purpose of driving a conveyor belt.
Normally they are mounted in external type bearings and driven by a motor and reducer.
Most common style of drive pulleys are conveyor drum pulleys, wing pulleys and spiral pulleys.
Conveyor Roller is an assembly of roller that is used in the bed of a conveyor as a support for the conveyed product.  
These rollers are also used in the return section under the conveyor bed to provide support for the return portion of the conveyor belt.


Tips to choose the right Conveyor System:

A conveyor acts as a central nervous system for operations that receive, store, handle, distribute, manufacture or ship products. 
Selecting the right conveyor system can be challenging for the managers of warehouse and other stakeholders because of the availability of the several types of conveyor and hundreds of possible configurations to choose from.
You need to consider several factors when trying to identify and purchase the ideal conveyor system for your warehousing or distribution facility.
Both product and process requirements should be considered simultaneously while choosing a conveyor system for your warehousing or distribution facility.
An ideal conveyor system must be operationally safe, energy efficient, reliable so that its parts and components engineered to last, adaptable to changing needs and cost effective in terms total cost of ownership
Installing the wrong conveyor system will affect the operational efficiency of a warehouse , leading to higher cost and lower customer satisfaction, resulting in stripping the business of its competitive advantage.
Factors that need to consider when evaluating and selecting the right conveyor system for your operation include:

Product Requirements:

The design, dimensions and type of conveyor system to be installed can be determined by the type of item(s) to be moved when a conveyor system is used to move items between functional areas of a distribution facility.
The type of product to be conveyed; the average weight per foot of product;  the average weight per foot of product; the maximum weight of the products; the minimum, maximum and average dimensions of the product which is length, width and height; the dimensional data for each product; how are the products being conveyed and in what orientation are the things that will help you ascertain design and configuration requirements and help you calculate things like horsepower and belt pull for individual conveyors.
Product weight, dimensions and fragility are some of the important actors that will greatly impact your decision process.
Conveyor width, guide rail specifications and roller centers will be determined by the dimensions of the items in your facility.
Roller gauge, roller diameter and motor sizing requirements will be determined by the weight of the products.

Process Requirements:

Factors governing how the conveyor should move and the unique conditions of the operating environment are covered in process requirements.
The distance moved by items between functional areas; the pathway through which it moves considering if there are stops, elevation changes, curves or diversions; product orientation  in which items must be positioned in a particular way for easy scanning of barcodes, transfer, etc; transfer speed such as short, rapid movement or slow, steady movement; ambient environment as well as available space need to be taken in to consideration when looking in to process requirements.

Flow rate:

The average transfer rate of your facility as well as periods of peak demand due to seasonal fluctuations should be handled by your conveyor system.
The length and speed of conveyor will be determined by the number of products you need to transport per hour or per minute.
A large plastic chain conveyor is suitable to be used for transferring plastic-footed pallets, while a chain driven roller conveyor is best suited for transferring wooden pallets.  
Plastic chain conveyor is also best used for moving smaller boxes or totes than a chain driven roller conveyor.

Transfer Requirements:

Side to side transfers, dead plates, gravity rollers, powered transfers etc. are used by most conveyors to facilitate transferring of items to and from the conveyor.
The point form where items are transferred to and from the conveyor is a critical one.
A powered transfer is required for products with a smaller footprint while, gravity rollers may be required for larger and longer products.

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