A learning management system (LMS) is a software application that manages the entire learning process including administration, tracking, reporting, documentation, automation and delivery of educational courses, training programs, and learning and development programs. E-learning education can be made feasible and measurable with concrete outcomes by the help of LMS software as it manages registration to administering the course, tracking of progress of students, analyzing their performances and maintaining educational records. Pre-course assessment on students are also conducted by some LMS system to identify their aim of learning and match them with the right course. The concept of learning management system has come out from e-Learning. The focus of LMS systems is now on corporate market and these are mostly cloud hosted that make them attractive to learners. These are suitable for those individuals who are inconvenienced by going to a physical classroom or who want to access a course that is remote from their place.
Learning management systems utilizes analytical data and reporting to identify training and learning gaps. LMS do support a range of uses such as acting as a platform for online content, including both asynchronous based and synchronous based courses. All types of content, including video, courses, and documents are delivered and managed by a LMS system.
Features of LMS Software:
Features of LMS Software include:
Managing users, roles and courses:
Professional structured course content can be created by adding text, images, tables, links and text formatting, interactive tests, slideshows etc by a teacher in LMS system. Users can be categorized as as teachers, students, parents, visitors and editors in hierarchies in this system. The content a student can access can be controlled, studying progress can be tracked and the student can be engaged with contact tools. Courses and modules can be managed by a teacher. They can also enroll students or set up self-enrollment, see reports on students and import students to their online classes. The process of integrating new features within multiple LMS has become more efficient with the integration of new resources being controlled by technical guidelines outlined by Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM).
Online assessment and tracking the attendance of students:
Teachers can create customized tests for students, which can be can be accessible and submitted online. Different multiple question types are allowed in the platform that include: one or multi-line answer, multiple choice answer, essay, true or false, yes or no, fill in the gaps, drag-and-drop order, agreement scale and offline tasks. Attendance management and integration with classroom training can be done using LMS where administrators are able to view attendance and records of a learner's attendance in the class, time of arrival and any missed out classes and events.
Exchange of feedback of students both with teachers and their peers is possible through LMS. Discussion groups can be created by the teachers to allow students feedback and increase the interaction in course. These feedback will help teachers to improve their way of teaching and identify the topic need to be added or removed from their courses.
Advantages of LMS Software:
Accessibility, interoperability, reusability, durability, maintenance ability and adaptability are the six major advantages of LMS. Other then this, there are many other advantages of LMS that include:
- LMS supports content in various formats such as text, video, audio, etc.
- Teachers can modify the content, and students can access the updated material anytime, from everywhere.
- The study material is reusable by students and teachers
- AS the evaluation of students is based on student attendance and online quizzes, it is easier and fair.
- A School website with the LMS software can be set up so that students can learn collaboratively. It help to keep the organization up-to-date with compliance regulations.
Disadvantages of LMS Software:
- A well-built technology infrastructure is required for the implementation of LMS.
- As a learning module is always presented in only one style, it can make difficult to accommodate different learning styles.