Any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition which converts to a solid film after application to a substrate in a thin layer is called as Paint. It is commonly used to protect, color, or provide texture to objects. Paint is available in many colors and in many different types, such as watercolor or synthetic. Typically it is stored, sold, and applied as a liquid. But most types dry into a solid. Paints are either water-based or oil-based and each have distinct characteristics.
Types of Paint:
Primer is a preparatory coating that can be put on materials before applying the paint itself. This is applied to have better adhesion of the paint, thereby increasing the durability of the paint and providing improved protection for the painted surface. Suitable primers are also able to block and seal stains, or hide a color that is to be painted over.
These are water-based paints in which the paint material is dispersed in a liquid that consists mainly of water. This has the advantage of low cost, easier application, fast drying, low toxicity and easier cleaning of equipment, among other factors.
Varnish and shellac:
These are in effect paints without pigment. A protective coating is provided by them without substantially changing the color of the surface, though they can emphasise the colour of the material.
This is a type of paint are very "thin". This means low in viscosity, so that the pigment soaks into a material such as wood rather than remaining in a film on the surface. Stain is mainly a dispersed pigment or dissolved dye which acts as a binder material in solvent. It is designed to add color without providing a surface coating.
It is a solvent-based paint or varnish that produces an especially hard, durable finish. Usually it is a rapidly drying formulation.
It is formulated to give an especially hard, usually glossy, finish. Some enamel paints have fine glass powder or metal flake instead of the color pigments in standard oil-based paints. Sometimes, this is mixed with urethane or varnish to improve its shine and hardness.
It is an additive used with paint to slow drying time and increase translucency, as in faux painting and for some artistic effects.
It is a fluid that sets as an elastic membrane that can stretch without harm. It is widely used in roof restoration as it provides UV protection to polyurethane foam.
These are formulations suitable for application with the fingers. These are used by children in primary school activities.
These are similar to paints, except that they are typically made using finely ground pigments or dyes, and are not designed to leave a thick film of binder. They are used largely for writing, printing, or calligraphy.
These are used to defeat the marking of surfaces by graffiti artists or vandals. Anti-graffiti coatings are of two categories. This include: sacrificial and non-bonding:
- Sacrificial coatings are clear coatings which allow the removal of graffiti. Usually this is done by washing the surface with high-pressure water that removes the graffiti together with the coating. The sacrificial coating must be re-applied for continued protection after removal of the graffiti. These sacrificial protective coatings are most commonly used on natural-looking masonry surfaces, such as statuary and marble walls, and on rougher surfaces that are difficult to clean.
- Non-bonding coatings are high-performance coatings which are clear. Usually, these are catalyzed polyurethanes, that do not bond strongly to paints used for graffiti. Graffiti on such a surface can be removed with a solvent wash, without damaging either the underlying surface or the protective non-bonding coating. These coatings are best to be applied on smooth surfaces, and are especially useful on decorative surfaces such as mosaics or painted murals, which might be expected to suffer harm from high pressure sprays.
It is a very hydrophobic (water-repellent) paint. It has been used by cities and other property owners to deter men from urinating against walls, as the urine splashes back on their shoes, instead of dripping down the wall.
It is a non-drying paint that appears normal but is extremely slippery. These are applied on drainpipes and ledges to deter burglars and vandals from climbing them, and is found in many public places. When a person won't be able to to climb objects coated with the paint, as it rubs off onto the climber, as well as making it hard for them to climb.
Also called as bottom paint, these prevents barnacles and other marine organisms from adhering to the hulls of ships.
Insulative paint or insulating paint:
This reduces the rate of thermal transfer through a surface it is applied to. A special type of formulation is based on the addition of hollow microspheres to any suitable type of paint.
This contains chemicals or grit to increase the friction of a surface so as to decrease the risk of slipping, particularly in wet conditions.
Road marking paint:
This is specially used to marking and painting road traffic signs and lines, to form a durable coating film on the road surface. It provide a thick coating, is fast drying and resist wear and slipping, especially in wet conditions.
Also known as luminescent paint, it is a paint that exhibits luminescence. It gives off visible light through fluorescence, phosphorescence, or radioluminescence.
Enquire for Paints Suppliers Anywhere In India
Getatoz have Paints suppliers at major parts of India including Bhiwandi, Reengus, Jhansi, Medinipur, Silchar, Bahraich, Sagwara, Rajnandgaon, Sasvad, Morshi, Tarbha, Sathyamangalam, Renukoot, Robertson Pet, Rath, Shahpura, Ballari, Yerraguntla, Kailasahar, Mandi, Mahemdabad, O' Valley, Dhanbad, Bhawanipatna, Sattur, Phagwara, Makhdumpur, Nahan, Anjangaon, Sirsi, Sira, Pathardi, Pudukkottai, Nagercoil, Pratapgarh, Maihar, Neyyattinkara, Raghogarh Vijaypur, Mahe, Goalpara, Kharar, Bongaigaon City, Nimbahera, Sohagpur, Kyathampalle, Adityapur, Rayagada, Tohana, Baleshwar Town, Samalkha and other localities of India as well and Paints suppliers near you.