X Ray Machine:
An X-ray machine is any machine that involves X-rays. It may consist of an X-ray generator and an X-ray detector. Machines for medical projectional radiography, Machines for computed tomography, Backscatter X-ray machines, used as "body scanners" in airport security and Detectors in X-ray astronomy are some of the examples of X Ray Machine. Monico Sanchez Moreno is the inventor of the first portable x-ray machine in 1909.
X-ray machines produce a stream of electromagnetic radiation that interacts with an anode in an x-ray tube. When x-rays come into contact with our body tissues, they produce an image on a metal film. Soft tissue, such as skin and organs, cannot absorb the high-energy rays, and the beam passes through them.
There are two types of X-ray generated: characteristic radiation and bremsstrahlung radiation. X-Rays can neither be see with the naked eyes nor can they be felt.
The main aim behind the discovery of this technology was to study the internal parts of the human body, which cannot be seen otherwise. An X-ray test helps in detecting problems in human organs by producing images. From dental to chest, abdomen to ankle every part of the body can be studied with the help of X-ray.
Types of X-rays:
Different types of X-rays include:
Standard Computed Tomography:
A standard computed tomography or computerized axial tomography is used for the diagnosis of circulatory system such as blood vessel aneurysms, blood clots, and coronary artery disease.
Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-ray:
Also known as KUB X-Rays, it is performed to assess the abdominal area for causes of abdominal pain, or to assess the organs and structures of the urinary and/or gastrointestinal (GI) system. A KUB X-ray is practically the first diagnostic procedure used for the assessment of the urinary system.
Teeth and bones X-rays:
To give a high level detail about bones, teeth, and supporting tissues of the mouth these x-rays are used. These X-rays enable dentists to look at the tooth roots, the status of the developing tooth, and health of the bony areas.
Chest X-rays are done for a number of reasons like shortness of breath, fever, chest pain, and persistent cough. It is a quick and effective test that aids in analyzing the health of some of the most vital organs.
This type of X-Ray is done to assess the lungs by comparing the upper, middle & lower zones of the lungs. The asymmetry of lung density is represented as either abnormal whiteness (increased density) or abnormal blackness (decreased density).
This imaging test is done to look at structures and organs in the belly, this x-ray encompasses the small and large intestines, liver, and stomach. It is one of the first tests to find a cause of nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, and swelling.
Problems That Can Be Diagnosed Using A X Ray Machine:
The X-Ray tests are done to check for broken bones and abnormal activities in the body. It is mostly a quick & painless procedure and a very effective way of looking at the bones and other body parts.
As a X-ray produces images of the affected organs, bones, and tissues of the body, a variety of problems can be detected with the help of an X-Ray that include:
- Problems in the chest: A chest X-Ray may be used to detect pneumonia.
- Some kind of lung condition such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, lung cancer, pneumonia, and pneumothorax
- Heart Conditions, such as Heart Failure, etc. and for viewing its size & shape
- To monitor progress of the chest area after a surgery
- To find objects like coins or small pieces of metal in the lungs
- Bone Fractures
- Tooth Complications, such as Loose Teeth and Dental Abscesses
- Scoliosis (Irregular Curving of the Spine)
- Cancerous & Non-Cancerous Bone Tumors
- Dysphagia (Difficulty or Discomfort in Swallowing)
- Breast Cancer
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