Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Updated: September 26, 2019
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. The state is bordered by Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Nagaland and Manipur to the east, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south, and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.
Assam, a land of wild forests, mighty rivers, and acres and acres of tea plantations is one of the least explored regions in the country that is located in North East India.
It has a breath-taking landscape and is on the list of the top biodiversity hotspots in the entire world. A veritable paradise, Assam shares international borders with both Bangladesh and Bhutan and boasts of its vibrant culture and scenic beauty, as well as its historic significance. With the majestic Brahmaputra river, magnificent hills, its rich flora and fauna and wildlife it is one of the most beautiful states of India.
Majuli is the largest river island of Asia that is spread over an area of 1250 kilometres and is famous for its traditions and its vibrant culture. Majuli is a great place to sit back and take in the beauty of the village which is surrounded on all sides by water.
Assam is renowned for its tea and exports tea to all parts of the world. Dibrugarh is known as the Tea City of India and a visit to the lush green tea gardens is a magical experience that one should have while in assam.
Hajo, an extremely ancient pilgrimage centre for three different religions dotted with numerous temples, mosques and churches, as well as other religious and sacred artefacts. It stands as a beautiful example of the secular diversity that is India.
Haflong also known as Land of the Blue Hills is the only hill station in Assam and is a stunningly beautiful place, marked with rolling mountains and lush green valleys.
It offers adventure activities such as paragliding and trekking, which are very popular with the tourists. The Haflong Lake, which is located in the heart of the town, is one of the largest lakes in Assam, and you can enjoy a boat ride on the clear waters of the lake while enjoying the mesmerizing view of the Himalayas.
You can find a huge diversity in Assamese cuisine. Local dishes mainly consist of rice and fish, while seafood is also a predominant part of Assam's local cuisine.
Rice is one of the main dishes of Assam, and a variety of different rices are grown and eaten in different ways: roasted, grounded, boiled or just soaked. Fish curries made of free range wild fish as well as Borali, rou, illish, or sitol are the most popular. Fowl such as ducks and pigeon are used in dishes while pork(by tribals), chicken and mutton dishes are mainly popular among the younger generation.
The two main characteristics of a traditional meal in Assam are khar and the sour dish tenga. Khorika is the smoked or fired meat eaten with the meal. Khorisa or fermented bamboo shoots are used at times to flavor curries while they can also be preserved and made into pickles. Koldil (banana flower) and squash can be cooked into curry.
Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.
Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park are World Heritage Sites. Sal tree forests are found in the state which look green all year round as a result of abundant rainfall. Assam receives more rainfall than most parts of India and this rain feeds the Brahmaputra River.
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