Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India.

Updated: October 26, 2019


Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India. First for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office. He was the only parliamentarian who had been elected from four different states at different times, namely, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Delhi. He enter into politics during the pre-independence era when he took part in the Quit India Movement which led to his arrest and imprisonment. He was one of the founding members of the erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh, an Indian nationalist party. He was a multi-faceted personality, as a very skilled poet with several published poems. He was also well known for his love for his native language Hindi. He was the first person to deliver a speech in Hindi at the U.N. General assembly.
He was born on December 25th, 1924 and died on August 16th, 2018.

Childhood of Atal Bihari Vajpayee:

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born into a middle-class family in Gwalior. His father was Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, a school teacher and poet, and his mother was Krishna Devi.

Education of Atal Bihari Vajpayee:

He attended the Saraswati Shishu Mandir and later went to Victoria College from where he graduated with distinction in Hindi, English and Sanskrit. He enrolled at DAV College, Kanpur to complete his post graduation and earned his M.A. in Political science.

Family of Atal Bihari Vajpayee:

Vajpayee remained a bachelor all his life. He had adopted Namita Bhattacharya, the daughter of BN Kaul and Rajkumari Kaul, and was very close to his friends and relatives.

Some facts about Atal Bihari Vajpayee:

  • Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha for the first time from Balrampur (U.P.) in 1957.
  • India conducted underground nuclear tests in Pokhran in May 1998, just a month after Vajpayee came into power. These tests were regarded a national milestone.
  • The Kargil victory in 1999 marked the reputation of Vajpayee as a strong and able leader of the nation.
  • He introduced many economic and infrastructural reforms like strengthening of private sectors, encouraging private research and development, bringing about privatization of certain government owned corporations, etc. His major projects were National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
  • He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India in 1992 for his distinguished contribution in public affairs.
  • He was honored with Best Parliamentarian Award in 1994.
  • In 2014, he was honoured with Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.
  • On June 11, 2018, he was admitted to hospital due to critical health condition. He passed away on August 16, 2018, at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, after a prolonged illness.


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