B. R. Ambedkar

B. R. Ambedkar popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer.

Updated: June 16, 2022

B. R. Ambedkar popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer. He inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination towards the untouchables (Dalits). He also supported the rights of women and labour. 


He was the first law and justice minister of independent India. He was the architect of the Constitution of India, and a founding father of the Republic of India. In India and elsewhere, he was often called Babasaheb, which means 'respected father' in Marathi and Hindi. He was born on April 14th, 1891 and died on December 6th, 1956.


Childhood of B. R. Ambedkar:

He was born as Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar to Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai in the Central Province of India. His father served in the Indian army. He was the last of the fourteen children born to the couple. His family suffered from socio-economic discrimination being a Mahar caste, who were considered untouchables.


Education of B. R. Ambedkar:

Young Ambedkar surfaced a lot of problems while academically training himself but he surpassed all of them. He along with his family moved to Bombay in 1897 where he enrolled at the Elphinstone High School, thus becoming the first ever untouchable to attain higher education. He Completed his matriculation degree in 1907, and admitted himself to Elphinstone College in 1908, again creating history by becoming the first untouchable to enter university. He graduated from the same in 1912 with a degree in economics and political science.


He secured a job at the Baroda state government but did not continue the same for long as he was awarded a Baroda State Scholarship, which provided him the opportunity to gain postgraduate education at Columbia University in New York City. To pursue the same, he moved to America in 1913.


He completed his MA in June 1915, majoring in Economics, with Sociology, History, Philosophy and Anthropology as other subjects of study. Two years henceforth, he gained a PhD in Economics. Meanwhile, in 1916, he enrolled for a bar course at Gray's Inn. However, due to the termination of the scholarship, he had to return to India. He moved to London to complete his education. In 1921, he attained his Master's degree from the London School of Economics. Two years later, he acquired his D.Sc.in Economics. Completing his law studies, he was admitted to the British bar as a barrister.


Family of B. R. Ambedkar:

He first married in 1906 to Ramabai, who was just nine years old. In 1912, the couple was blessed with a son named Yashwant. In 1935, Ramabai breathed her last succumbing to a long illness.


He first met Dr Sharada Kabir while treating himself of neurotic pains and lack of sleep. The two eventually married on April 15th, 1948. Post marriage, she renamed herself Savita Ambedkar and attended to him all through.


Some facts about B. R. Ambedkar:

  • Being a victim of caste discrimination, he was inspired to uplift the pitiable state of the untouchables in the society. Thus, with the help of the Maharaja of Kolhapur, he founded a weekly journal, 'Mooknayak', which criticized the orthodox beliefs of Hindus and the reluctance of politicians to fight against the discrimination.
  • His passion for eradicating the practice of caste discrimination led him to found the 'Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha'. The main aim of the organization was to provide education and socio-economic improvement to the backward class.
  • His deteriorating health condition further worsened as he suffered from diabetes and weak eyesight. He breathed his last at his hom on December 6th, 1956.
  • A memorial was constructed and established to commemorate his contribution to the society.
  • His birthday is celebrated as a public holiday, known as Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti.
  • He was posthumously awarded Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour in 1990.



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