Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary who played a pivotal role in the Indian Independence movement.

Updated: June 16, 2022


Bhagat Singh was an Indian revolutionary who played a pivotal role in the Indian Independence movement. His acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement. He was involved with several revolutionary organizations including the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. He was born on September 27th, 1907 and died on March 23rd, 1931.


Childhood of Bhagat Singh:

Bhagat Singh was born in September 1907 in Banga, Jaranwala Tehsil, Lyallpur district, Punjab, British India, into a family of Punjabi Sikhs. His father and two of his uncles were members of the Ghadar Party and were actively involved in the Indian independence struggle. They were in jail at the time of Bhagat Singh's birth due to their participation in revolutionary activities.


Education of Bhagat Singh:

He received his primary education from the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School, an Arya Samaji institution. He joined the National College in Lahore in 1923. His participation in the freedom struggle intensified during this period. He joined the Hindustan Republican Association which had prominent leaders like Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan who further arouse his patriotic fervor.


Family of Bhagat Singh:

Bhagat Singh's parents tried to arrange a marriage for him but he remained steadfast in his resolve to avoid getting married as he wanted to dedicate his entire life to India's struggle for independence.


Some facts about Bhagat Singh:

  • Bhagat Singh is best remembered for his role in the assassination of John Saunders, a British police officer. His original plan was to kill James A. Scott, the British officer who had ordered a lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai and his fellow protestors during a peaceful protest. When Rai died a few days later, Singh decided to avenge his death by killing the British officer.
  • He holds a significant position in the history of the Indian independence movement and his legend continues to inspire the youth of contemporary India. He has been the subject of numerous books, plays, and films.
  • He wrote for, and edited, Urdu and Punjabi newspapers, published in Amritsar and also contributed to low-priced pamphlets published by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha that excoriated the British.
  • He also wrote for Kirti, the journal of the Kirti Kisan Party and briefly for the Veer Arjun newspaper, published in Delhi.
  • The Shaheed-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum was opened on the 50th death anniversary of his death at his ancestral village, Khatkar Kalan.
  • British authorities decided to advance the start of the Saunders murder trial, which was henceforth called the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Following the trial, Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were sentenced to death by hanging.
  • The three men were hanged on 23 March 1931 in the Lahore jail. Bhagat Singh was just 23 years old. The bodies were then secretly cremated outside Ganda Singh Wala village.
  • An 18-foot tall bronze statue of Singh was installed in the Parliament of India, next to the statues of Indira Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose on 15th August 2008. A portrait of Singh and Dutt also adorns the walls of the Parliament House.
  • The Bhagat Singh Memorial was built in 2009 in Khatkar Kalan.
  • The Shaheedi Mela is an event held annually on 23 March when people pay homage at the National Martyrs Memorial. The day is also observed across the Indian state of Punjab.



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