Updated: June 16, 2022
C. Rajagopalachari or Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, informally called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian politician, independence activist, lawyer, writer, historian and statesman. Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General of India, as India soon became a Republic in 1950. He was also the first Indian-born governor-general, since before him the posts were held by British nationals. He served as leader of the Indian National Congress, Premier of the Madras Presidency, Governor of West Bengal, Minister for Home Affairs of the Indian Union and Chief Minister of Madras state.
Rajagopalachari founded the Swatantra Party and was one of the first recipients of India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He vehemently opposed the use of nuclear weapons and was a proponent of world peace and disarmament. He also acquired the nickname 'Mango of Krishnagiri'. He was born on December 10th, 1878 and died on December 25th, 1972.
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari was born in 1878 in Thorapalli, Madras Presidency of British India (Now Tamil Nadu) into a Iyengar family to Chakravati Venkataryan. He was a very fragile child, used to fall sick very often which used to make his parents very worried.
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari started his schooling from a village school. At the age of 5, he was enrolled into the Hosur R. V. Government Boys Hr Sec School. He graduated from the Central College, Bangalore in 1894. After that he went on to study law from the Presidency College, Madras, from where he graduated in 1897.
Rajagopalachari got married to Alamelu Mangamma in 1897 and the couple had five children together. The couple had three sons and two daughters. His wife died at quite a young age.
His daughter Lakshmi was married to Devdas Gandhi, son of Mahatma Gandhi. His grandsons include biographer Rajmohan Gandhi, philosopher Ramchandra Gandhi and former governor of West Bengal Gopalkrishna Gandhi.
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