Updated: October 26, 2019
Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary who joined the radical Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) at the age of 15. He reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He grew up to be a patriotic young man with revolutionary ideas. He participated in several violent protests against the British Raj and served as an inspiration and mentor to budding revolutionary Bhagat Singh. He was born on July 23rd, 1906 and died on February 27th, 1931
He was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra village of Madhya Pradesh. His parents were Sitaram Tiwari and Jagrani Devi. His mother, Jagrani Devi Tiwari , was the third wife of Sitaram Tiwari, whose previous wives had died young. After the birth of their first son, Sukhdev Tiwari, in Badarka, the family moved to Alirajpur State.
He was sent to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras, to study as his mother aspired for him to become a great Sanskrit scholar. As a young boy he learned archery from the tribal Bhils of erstwhile Jhabua, a skill that would help him greatly during the armed struggle against the British. He was very passionate about India's freedom struggle from a young age. He was just 15 year old student when he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 launched by Mohandas K. Gandhi and was arrested for his participation.
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