Chhattisgarh is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country.
Updated: September 29, 2019
Chhattisgarh is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana in the south and Odisha in the southeast.
The capital city is Raipur. The official languages of the state are Chhattisgarhi and Hindi. Chhattisgarhi is spoken and understood by the majority of people in Chhattisgarh. Among other languages, Odia is widely spoken by a significant number of Odia population in the eastern part of the state. Chattisgarh exhibits the instance of ancient India with a blend of culture, arts and religion of the local and tribal people. Chhattisgarh, situated in the heart of India, is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural diversity. The state is full of ancient monuments, rare wildlife, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, waterfalls, caves, rock paintings and hill plateaus. There are many water falls, hot springs, caves, temples, dams and national parks, Tiger reserve and wildlife sanctuaries in Chhattisgarh.
Many of the caves and monuments depict the talent once possessed by local architects and craftsmen. Tourists can indulge in trekking and safaris in the lush green forests and enjoy the ambience of different plants and animals species.
India's first man made Jungle Safari is also situated in Raipur.
Kailash cave located in the thick forests around Tiratgarh waterfalls depict the evidence of ancient human existence. The greenery and the waterfalls among the hilly regions of the state is worth visiting.
The temples in Chhattisgarh are not only places to worship but also memorials of ancient India. Most of the old temples and shrines here are related to 'women power' and the existence of these temples gives insight into historical and current social fabric of this state. Shabari, Mahamaya, Danteshwari are some of the examples of such temples in chhattisgarh. Danteshwari Temple in Dantewada is one of the 52 Shakti Peeths of the country, which is 600 year old temple.
The state hosts many religious sects such as Satnami Panth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj and others. The steel industry is one of the biggest heavy industries of Chhattisgarh. Also Chhattisgarh is one of the few states of India where the power sector is effectively developed with National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) working as a major role in this area.