Chittaranjan Das

Chittaranjan Das popularly called Deshbandhu (Friend of the Nation) was a leading Indian politician, a prominent lawyer, and a Bengali Nationalist.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Chittaranjan Das popularly called Deshbandhu (Friend of the Nation) was a leading Indian politician, a prominent lawyer, and a Bengali Nationalist. He was an activist of the Indian National Movement and founder-leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal during British occupation in India. During the Non-Cooperation movement, Das became a symbol of patriotism and courage. He was the one who first started to boycott everything British, including clothes. He took active part in the Non-Cooperation movement with Gandhi and even went to jail in the process. He was born on November 5th, 1870 and died on June 16th, 1925.


Childhood of Chittaranjan Das:

Chittaranjan Das was born in 1870 in Bikrampur, Dhaka (now Bangladesh) in to the famous Das family of Telirbagh to Bhuban Mohan Das. His father was a solicitor and journalist who used to edit the English Church Weekly, The Brahmo Public Opinion.


Education of Chittaranjan Das:

Das finished his studies from the Presidency College in Kolkata in 1890 and then went to England to pursue higher studies. He wanted to complete his civil service examination from there. Although he flunked in the exams but he joined the Inner Temple and was called to join the bar.


He was engaged in law-practice for a very long time. Ultimately in 1909 he rose to prominence for defending Sri Aurobindo Ghose, the famous nationalist leader of that time. Ghose was charged with involvement with the Alipore bomb case.


Family of Chittaranjan Das:

Das married Basanti Devi in 1879 and the couple had three children together: Aparna Devi, Chiraranjan Das and Kalyani Devi. Basanti was also a freedom fighter in her own right and plunged into the freedom movement.


Some facts about Chittaranjan Das:

  • Das was was a nationalist from the very beginning and became an active member of the Students’ Association at Presidency College, Kolkata. His was politically was active from 1917-25.
  • Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute of Kolkata started in the year 1950 when the Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital was founded in the premises of Chittaranjan Seva Sadan. Chittaranjan gifted this property including his house and the adjoining lands to the nation a few years before his death to be used for the betterment of the lives of women.[12]
  • 'Step Aside, the last abode of Chittaranjan in Darjeeling, is now a Mother-and-Child Care Center run by the Government.
  • A commemorative tower was erected at the Keoratala crematorium where Chittaranjan was cremated. Every year Chittaranjan's death anniversary is regularly observed here.
  • Chittaranjan Park is a locality in Kalkaji, adjoining Greater Kailash II in South Delhi, which houses many Bengalis who fled to India during partition
  • Name of Chittaranjan Das and his title Deshbandhu (friend of the country) has been commemorated by naming various places, roads and institutions including Chittaranjan Avenue, Chittaranjan College, Chittaranjan High School, Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Chittaranjan Park, Chittaranjan Station, Deshbandhu College for Girls and the Deshbandhu Mahavidyalaya.band
  • His legacy was spread even in south India through the establishment of the Deshabandhu High School, Thachampara, Palakkad, Kerala
  • To honour the endeavours of Basanti Devi, wife of Chittaranjan Das, a girls' college in Kolkata, Basanti Devi College, bearing her name was established in 1964–65 during her lifetime.
  • In 1925, Das started to suffer with poor health and eventually went to stay in his mountain resort in Darjeeling. He passed away due to severe fever.



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