Updated: December 2, 2017
Hip pain in women can result from several reasons. The hip joint can withstand repeated motion and a fair amount of wear and tear. However, wear and tear as well as overuse can cause hip pain.
The hip joints fits in such a way in your body that it allows for fluid movement. Whenever you use the hip for a movement or motion such as by going for a run, a cushion of cartilage helps prevent friction as the hip bone moves in its socket. The hip joint is not indestructible despite its durability. The cartilage can wear down or become damaged with age and overuse. Muscles and tendons in the hip can get overused. Bones in the hip can break during a fall or other injury. Any of these conditions can lead to hip pain.
These are some of the conditions that commonly cause hip pain:
The most common causes of hip pain are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, especially in older adults. Arthritis leads to inflammation of the hip joint and the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions your hip bones. The pain gradually gets worse and is often felt in the front of your thigh or in the groin, because of stiffness or swelling in the joint. People with arthritis also feel stiffness and have reduced range of motion in the hip.
Hip fractures are common in older women as the bones can become weak and brittle with age which are more likely to break during a fall. Women with osteoporosis, a common disease in which bone density will be decreased, are more prone to fractures. Symptoms of a hip fracture include pain when you straighten, lift, or stand on your leg. A sign for preliminary diagnosis is when the toes on your injured side will appear to turn out.
Inflammation or irritation of the tendons is known as tendinitis. Tendons are the thick bands of tissue that attach bones to muscles. Tendinitis usually caused by repetitive stress from overuse or if you participate in strenuous activities. Iliotibial band syndrome is one of the most common causes of tendinitis at the hip joint, especially in runners.
Bursae are sacs of fluid found between tissues such as bone, muscles, and tendons. They ease the friction from these tissues rubbing together. When bursae get inflamed, they can cause pain. Inflammation of bursae is usually due to repetitive activities that overuse or irritate the hip joint.
Repeated activities can put strain on the muscles, tendons, and ligaments that support the hips. Due to overuse they become inflamed and can cause pain and prevent the hip from working normally.
Femoral and inguinal hernias in the groin area can cause anterior hip pain in women. Because of the added pressure on the wall of the abdomen, pregnant women can be susceptible to inguinal hernias.
Presence of tumors in the bone can cause pain in the hips, as well as in other bones of the body.
When blood flow to the hip bone slows and the bone tissue dies, this condition arises. Avascular necrosis most often happens in the hip, but it can affect other bones also. It can be caused by a hip fracture or dislocation, or from the long-term use of high-dose steroids such as prednisone.
Gynecological issues in women can also be a cause of hip pain. The pain in your hip could be coming from some other system depending on your age and other health issues. When the uterus lining grows somewhere else, the condition is called Endometriosis which can cause pelvic tenderness often describe as hip pain. Pain from the back and spine also can be felt around the buttocks and hip.
A pinched nerve known as sciatica, generally affects one side of the body and can cause pain in the back of the right or left hip. The pain from sciatica can start in your lower back and travel down to your buttocks and legs.