Complications in Menopause
Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. After menopause the risk of certain medical conditions increases because of estrogen loss.
Updated: November 4, 2017
Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. After
menopause the risk of certain medical conditions increases because of
The possible complications include:
Urinary Tract Infections:During
menopause, urinary tract infections (UTIs) is very common. Lowered
levels of estrogen and changes in the urinary tract make you more
susceptible to infection.
A blood test can be done if you feel a
persistent urge to urinate, are urinating more frequently, or feel a
burning sensation when you urinate.
Frequent Urination or Urinary Incontinence:It
is common for women in menopause to lose control of their bladder. You
may feel a constant need to urinate even without a full bladder, or
experience painful urination. This happen because during menopause, the
tissues in your vagina and urethra lose their elasticity and the lining
thins. The surrounding pelvic muscles may also weaken. Limit the intake
of alcohol and stay hydrated to fight urinary incontinence.
is a degenerative bone disorder, characterized by thinning and
weakening of the bone and a general decrease in bone mass and density.
Usually old bone is replaced with new bone cells formed with the help of
hormones. The body's ability to handle this process changes with age as
the level of estrogen tend to decrease.
Estrogen is involved in the
process of calcium absorption into the bones. Thus, due to the drop in
estrogen levels, women will experience an accelerated reduction in bone
density from perimenopause onward. By around age 35 there is less bone
growth than there is bone removal. This disorder is called osteoporosis.
Reduced bone density causes the bones more susceptible to breaks and
Digestive Problems:Changes in gastrointestinal
function, with symptoms such as excessive gas production,
gastrointestinal cramping, and nausea is known as digestive disorder.
This happens because hormonal imbalance disrupts the natural transit of
food in the gut of menopausal women. Stress has an adverse effect on
the normal functioning of hormones. This can also be due to the
decreasing production of the digestive hormone lactase with age which
makes you lactose intolerance.
Burning Tongue:Burning mouth
syndrome is a complex, annoying condition in which a burning pain occurs
on the tongue or lips, or throughout the whole mouth other symptoms
such as bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth. In menopause, low
estrogen levels damage the bitter taste buds in the mouth, setting off
the surrounding pain neurons.
Joint Pain:Estrogen helps
prevent inflammation in the joints. Low levels of estrogen during
menopause can increases inflammation resulting in joint pain. Early
treatment can often bring about a cure and prevent the development of
Cardiovascular Disease:Estrogen levels drop
steeply during menopause. This decline has been linked to irregular
heart beat or heart palpitations which has a increased risk of heart
disease after menopause.
Adopting healthy lifestyle habits, such as
quitting smoking and eating a heart-healthy diet filled with whole
grains, fruits, and vegetables, will be helpful in preventing heart
Sexsual Dysfunction:When estrogen levels drop
during perimenopause, the vaginal tissue becomes drier, thinner, and
less elastic. Usually moist and soft feeling of the lining of the vagina
disappears resulting in vaginal dryness with symptoms of itchiness and
irritation. Lack of lubrication leads to uncomfortable sex , and the
vagina is frequently itchy, easily irritated, and more prone to
Atrophy of the vagina is an extreme version of vaginal
dryness in which the vagina becomes smaller in width and length. This
symptom may appear due to a sudden drop in estrogen during menopause
irrespective of the cause, whether it is natural, premature, or
surgical. It is important to seek treatment for this condition if it
begins to affect quality of life.
Over-the-counter (OTC) lubricants
or prescription treatments that include localized estrogen therapy, such
as an estrogen cream or a vaginal ring, can treat the condition.