Consequences of Cystic Acne

Cystic acne can develop into a group of scars and skin blemishes, including ice pick scars, larger pits in the skin, shallow depressions, and red, raised scars without proper treatment.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Cystic acne is a result of the most severe types of pore blockages and can be really challenging to manage, especially when it starts to effect your mood and self-esteem. It may take time to get rid of cystic acne and the scars, but you can do it by a natural and holistic approach. Once you have resolved your cystic acne problem , it is essential to stick with a healthy diet and lifestyle.

Cystic acne can develop into a group of scars and skin blemishes, including ice pick scars, larger pits in the skin, shallow depressions, and red, raised scars without proper treatment.

Consequences of Cystic Acne:

Cystic acne should be treated soon as possible to avoid damaging of skin and long term effects. Consequences of cystic acne include:

Acne Scars:

One of the most common aspects of cystic acne is acne scars. Severe acne can develop deep marks and raised scars on the surface of the skin. Sometimes these marks can seem impossible to treat. These are of many shapes and colors. Raised acne scars are medically known as keloid and depressed ones are known as pitted.

Depressed Scars:

Pitted acne scars are the most common scars left behind by cystic acne which generally stays on top of collagen rich scar tissue. This tissues prevents the skin from repairing the deep indentation.

Boxcar Scars :

Boxcar scars are angular in shape and exhibit sharp, vertical edges which may may resemble those left after a bout with chicken pox. These are found on the temple or cheek and can develop in a variety of depths.

Ice Pick Scars:

As a result of of inflammatory acne breakouts, these type of scars are developed which are usually less than 2mm in diameter. Ice pick scars looks deep, extending far into the skin.   

Rolling Scars:

As a result of damage that has occurred under the skin, rolling scars are formed which are shallow and wide across the diameter. When multiple bands of tissue develop in deeper structures of the skin's surface, these may occur. With age, rolling scars are more noticeable. 

Raised Acne Scars :

Raised acne scars are often more obvious than depressed scars and may be more difficult to treat. These are also associated with inflammatory acne and are less common than pitted scars.

Hypertrophic Scars:

These scars are much more common in all racial groups, and affect men and women equally. Hypertrophic scars may have a lumpy appearance and raised noticeably. They are very similar to keloids but are smaller and may fade over time.

Keloid Scars:

Even after the wound is filled in, scar tissue are formed in excess due to excess production of collagen, these scars are formed. Collagen is produced to help heal the skin damage. But when this collagen spreads beyond the wound caused by an acne blemish, larger scars can develop. Keloids can occur on any part of the body, but are usually found on the chest and back. The severity of keloid scars varies with different skin types, but are more common in patients with darker skin tones.

Hyperpigmentation:

There may be red or dark-colored marks left behind on the skin after acne heals. These are commonly confused for scars, but occurs as a result of hyperpigmentation and are known as macules. It is associated with an increased risk of depression and anxiety. It is important to start the treatment as soon as possible to avoid these psychological effects.
Improper acne extraction is the most common cause of macules. It is essential to leave acne lesions to heal by its own rather than picking or popping pimples which can result in a longer healing process and formation of numerous scars.

Psychological Consequences:

Acne can cause severe mental health issues, including depression and anxiety especially among adolescents. As self and body image become more important in teen years, the visibility of severe acne blemishes and scars can result in lowered self-esteem. This can affect the efforts of socialization and cause isolation of individual. An individual go through significant physical, social, and psychological changes during this period. Therefore teens and young adults with acne may experience psychological distress associated with severe psychiatric disorders.
Even in later years after reaching adulthood, acne can have a major negative impact on self-development. Cystic acne has a greater effect on the appearance of the face and other areas of skin on the body.


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