Dhanteras

Dhanteras also called as Dhanvantri Jayanti or Dhantrayodashi is a main celebration in Hinduism celebrated on the 1st day of the five days of Deepavali (Diwali).

Updated: September 7, 2019

Dhanteras also called as Dhanvantri Jayanti or Dhantrayodashi is a mainstream celebration in Hinduism celebrated on the 1st day of the five days of Deepavali (Diwali). This day is celebrated with a confidence to bring wealth and prosperity to family by offering prayers to Goddess Laxmi and Kubera. The word 'Dhantrayodashi'/Dhanteras is a mix of the two words 'Dhan' signifying 'wealth' and Trayodashi signifying 'prosperity'.

It is trusted that Goddess Laxmi showed up from the milky sea on this day when the deities and demons were stirring the ocean to get the nectar of immortality (Amrut). Hence the devotees on this day worship Goddness Laxmi in quest of her blessing for prosperity. 

While churning, the lord of medicines or named as Dhanvantri Jayanti, also emerged out of the milky sea. At the end of the stirring, Dhanvanti appeared with a pot loaded with 'Amrut' from the sea. Dhanvantri said to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is therefore, worshipped on this propitious day of Dhanteras. 

The best time to offer prayers to Goddess Laxmi is amid the Pradosh kaal which begins after sunset and keeps going upto 2hours and 24 minutes. It isn't advisable to perform the puja on Choghadiya Muharat as this time is  good for travelling. The ideal time for Laxmi puja is the point at which the Sthir Lagna is pervasive. Sthri Lagna implies perpetual or unmoveable. If the prayer is offered during this time then, Laxmi will remain in your home. Vrishaba Lagna is additionally accepted as Sthir and almost overlaps with Pradosh kaal amid Diwali. 

Yamadeep is another ceremony seen around the same time of Trayodashi Tithi when the earthen lamp for the Lord of death is lit outside the house to ward off any  ill-timed death of the family members or relatives. It is imperative to purchase and get home new things as it is trusted that Ma Laxmi has herself arrived into the house.

Dhanteras Puja Vidhi


Dhanteras Puja vidhi that is done by lighting earthen lamp for Yaman. Light the earthen lamp as an offering to Lord Yama. Then get a wooden slab and make swastik with rangoli on it. Put the earthen lamp in the middle and light it. Then take a cowry shell with hole and place it in the earthen lamp, and sprinkle holy water (Gangajal) for three times around the lamp. Make tilak of holi on the lamp and put raw whole rice on the tilak. Include some sugar in the lamp and put a 1 rupee coin in it. Then offer some flowers to the earthen lamp and do pranam to the lamp. Offer this tilak to all the family members / relatives and then place this lamp outside the entrance gate of your home. The lamp should be placed in the right side of the door so that the flame faces the south direction.

After that light the earthen lamp as adoration to Lord Yaman. Then go to your puja room and recite the Dhanwantari Mantra for 108 times. The mantra is: "Om Dhan Dhanvantaraye Namah". Once the chanting is done, say "O Lord Dhanwantari!. I offer this recitation at your lotus feet. Please bless us good health".

Then do Laxmi and Ganesh puja on Dhanteras. Panchopchar puja, the puja of Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesh, is followed just after the Dhanwantari puja. To perform this ceremony, first offer prayers to Ganeshji. Then offer him the earthen lamp, dhoop, flowers and sweets (naivedya).

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