Different Types of Teeth Cleanings

Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth. People should routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning.

Updated: November 14, 2017

Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth. People should routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning. 
Teeth cleaning is done to prevent cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease.
Gum disease is a serious condition which occurs when the gum tissues surrounding teeth become infected because of a buildup of plaque on the teeth and gums. These are infections that harm the gum and bone that hold teeth in place. If not treated, this infection can damage the bones, gums and tissue that support your teeth. This will result you to loose teeth that your dentist may have to remove.
With the proper treatment, including regular visit to your dentist gum disease is reversible.

No Gum Disease:

If there’s no bleeding when the dentist flosses your gums or puts the probe inside your pockets to measure them, you do not have any gum disease.
Maintain this good health by regular teeth cleanings. The reduced inflammation in your body will make you better at fighting infection and prevent from other health complications such as diabetes,  heart disease and dementia.

Gingivitis:

Gingivitis is very common gum disease. Your gums bleed when you floss them or when the dentist measures your pockets, if you have gingivitis. There might be some redness along the edge of the gum where it meets the tooth. Gingivitis means your gums are reacting to an infection and they are diseased. Healthy gums don’t bleed when touched. In this case, you should do cleaning with flossing and brushing at home and you might need to increase your frequency.

Early Periodontitis:

At this stage, you have had gingivitis for some time and it has progressed to deep pockets. Your gums will be bleeding when flossed or probed. You may even have some ligament damage to the place where your gums attach to your teeth.
Gum recession is also common at this stage. When gums pull down away from the tooth, after healing from inflammation causes it. This leads to tooth sensitivity because the root of the tooth starts to become exposed as the gum pulls down. Gum recession is irreversible and permanent as no surgery can fix it.
Early periodontitis is the beginning of a very serious issue. You should do a deep cleaning which may be a scale and root planing. Because there is so much tartar buildup at this stage that brushing and flossing on your own will be enough. So a root planing is required. 
Most of the time you might not need the deep cleaning everywhere as only a sections of your mouth are affected. Scale and root planings are done in quarters which include upper right, upper left, lower right, and lower left. You will need a deep cleaning in one, two, three, or all four of these quadrants.
A scale and root planing gives you the chance to prevent the tartar from building up and taking hold again.

Moderate to Severe Periodontitis:

At this stage, you also have deeper pockets and bleeding gums. It gets more difficult to get healthy again as the severity increases and your gums will no longer respond to treatment. Surgery is frequently required in these stages. Multiple scale and root planing are required in these more advanced and serious stages of gum disease.
After your root planing procedures, your follow through at home with proper brushing and flossing is imperative to be able to reverse the disease. Without your taking care of your teeth every day and after every meal, it will be reversible.

Gum disease is a very complicated, multi-factor disease. Even if you don’t have gum disease, you have to monitor it your whole life no matter what stage you are at.

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