Ectopic Pregnancy Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

When a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy.

Updated: July 23, 2020

When a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic is the medical word which means "tissue out of place". These pregnancies are generally end in miscarriage. It can result in a life-threatening medical situation if left untreated. Go for medical treatment immediately if you doubt that you are having ectopic pregnancy symptoms.  An ectopic pregnancy should be treated immediately before fallopian tube gets ruptured and severe blood loss. If your doctor will able to detect the ectopic pregnancy in the early stage then you can end the pregnancy by injection or surgery.Using methotrexate you can end an ectopic pregnancy. You have to test your hormone blood-level to make sure that treatment has worked. If the tube get ruptured in ectopic pregnancy, laparoscopic surgery is needed. 



Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes

The most common cause of ectopic pregnancy is damage in fallopian tube. A fertilized egg get stuck in the damaged area of a fallobian tube and start growing there. In some cases ectopic pregnancies cause is unknown. There are various causes of fallopian tube damage that may result in an ectopic pregnancy include:

  • Smoking is one of the causes of damaged fallopian tube. Smoking can harm your tubes by making it unable to to move the fertilized egg toward the uterus. Women who smoke has higher rates of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that can make block the fallopian tubes.
  • Fallopian tube surgery helps to treat blocked tubes.
  • A previous ectopic pregnancy in a fallopian tube.


Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptoms

There are various symptoms of an early ectopic pregnancy. It's similar to a normal pregnancy. Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy are mostly same as early pregnancy symptoms of a normal pregnancy, such as:

  • A missed menstrual period
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Increased urination.
  • Light vaginal bleeding
  • Tender breasts
  • Pelvic pain
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting (syncope) caused by internal bleeding.


Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy

Pelvic exam, ultrasound, and blood tests are the methods of detecting ectopic pregnancy. You will go through all these  process if you have symptoms of a possible ectopic pregnancy.


  • A pelvic exam can detect  the uterus or fallopian tubes, if there is any mass appear in that area.
  • Transvaginal Ultra sound can detect the pregnancy location where exactly it is in the lower abdomen. If transvaginal ultra sound can not detect any signs of an embryo or fetus in the uterus as expected, then it will be considered as an ectopic pregnancy. Apart from this, hCG levels also keep on rising in ectopic pregnancy.
  • Blood tests of pregnancy hormone (human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG) levels also can detect an ectopic pregnancy. Two or more blood tests has to be done to detect the ectopic pregnancy. Generally hCG levels double in every 2 days in the early weeks of a normal pregnancy. Low or slowly increasing levels of hCG in the blood is considered as an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage.


Related Articles

Living with Type 2 Diabetes:  Lifestyle Changes and  Pregnancy

Living with Type 2 Diabetes: Lifestyle Changes and Pregnancy

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Caring for your health will make your diabetes easier to treat and minimise your risk of developing complications of diabetes.

Treatment and prevention of Osteoporosis

Treatment and prevention of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis means porous bone. It is a disease characterized by low bone mass and loss of bone tissue that may lead to weak and fragile bones.

Home Remedies to Treat Adrenal Fatigue

Home Remedies to Treat Adrenal Fatigue

Adrenal fatigue refers to adrenal dysfunction, which is caused by stress, infections, and other such medical conditions.

Benefits Of Eating Broccoli During Pregnancy

Benefits Of Eating Broccoli During Pregnancy

Broccoli is loaded with supplements, cancer prevention agents, and phytochemicals. It offers various advantages to you and your unborn baby.

Td Vaccine: To prevent Tetanus and Diphtheria

Td Vaccine: To prevent Tetanus and Diphtheria

Td vaccine is used to protect adolescents and adults from tetanus and diphtheria which are very serious diseases.

Degenerative or mechanical arthritis, Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain, Connective tissue disease and Back pain

Degenerative or mechanical arthritis, Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain, Connective tissue disease and Back pain

Joint inflammation is commonly known as arthritis.It is associated with several conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround the joint, and other connective tissue.

Rubella: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

Rubella: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Complications, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

Rubella, also called German measles or three day measles, is a contagious viral infection that causes a red rash on the body.

Causes and Home Remedies of Cold During Pregnancy

Causes and Home Remedies of Cold During Pregnancy

Having cold or a cough is as normal during pregnancy but the main problem is that you can not take any medicine to get relief from cold and cough during pregnancy.

Suppliers Across World


Browse suppliers across the globe including Togo, SriLanka, French Guiana, Zambia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Uruguay, Bermuda, Dominican Republic, Lesotho, Vietnam, Lebanon, Serbia, Luxembourg, Gibraltar, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Poland, Cayman Islands, Martinique, North Macedonia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Kuwait, Rwanda, Holy See (Vatican City State), Ghana, Guyana, Cuba, North Korea, Tokelau, Tajikistan, Guadeloupe, Israel, Guatemala, Haiti, Greenland, Saudi Arabia, Northern Mariana Islands, Honduras, Moldova, Bolivia, Malawi, South Sudan, Canada, Malta, Niger, Mexico, Netherlands, Oman, Guernsey, Djibouti and other localities of World as well..