Essential Vitamins & Supplements For Diabetes

Diabetes tends to drain nutrients from your body hence require vitamin supplements to stabilize blood sugar levels.

Updated: July 23, 2020

The best way to manage diabetes is to include natural sources of vitamins in your diet along with medicines and exercise. Diabetes  tends to drain nutrients from your body hence require vitamin supplements to stabilize blood sugar levels. Diabetics also lose important water-soluble vitamins and minerals via urine. As diabetic people used to urinate more, the important nutrients are drain out from the body. Thus its critical to maintain the required vitamins in your body. to do so you should always have the required vitamin supplements in your diet. 

What are the Vitamin Deficiency in Diabetes? 

Human body requires 13 essential vitamins which must be obtained from an external source, through food and/or supplements. These 13 essential vitamins can be categorized in to two categories. 

Water Soluble:

Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, Biotin, and Folate are water-soluble and cannot be stored in the body for longer periods of time. Diabetics are usually deficient in these vitamins since they urinate more than normal people. you can add multivitamins to make up for most of the vitamins lost. 

Fat Soluble:

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble, which is why diabetics are highly recommended to have a Low Carb-High Fat diet. If you eat a diet that is high in good fats, the fat soluble vitamins can be stored in the body for longer periods of time. 

How Does The Vitamins Work in Your body. 

Vitamins are not just about managing your blood sugar, but also it's about reducing inflammation in the body.  So these vitamins help in many ways to maintain a good health. 

Vitamin A:

Vitamin A helps improve immune health as it has strong antioxidant properties. It also helps delay Alzheimer's disease, arthritis, heart diseases and age-related muscular degeneration problems. For diabetics, the carotenoids in Vitamin A can help prevent diabetic retinopathy. It helps in building strong teeth and bones. Good food sources of Vitamin A include dairy products, eggs, fish liver oil, chicken, leafy vegetables, carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, apricots and cantaloupe.  

Vitamin B1:

Vitamin B1 helps to convert food into energy. It is essential for healthy skin, hair, brain, heart, and for normal nerve functioning. It also help prevent indigestion, heart disease and kidney stones. Because diabetics have excess sugar in their blood, this leads to poor blood circulation in the body causing nerve damage. Vitamin B1 is essential for nerve health in diabetics providing protection from the nerve damage .Good food sources of Vitamin B1 for diabetics include liver, dried beans, nuts and seeds. 

Vitamin B2:

Vitamin B2 helps improving the body's metabolic activity, boosts the immune system and promotes the health of the nervous system. Good food sources of Vitamin B2 for diabetics include dairy products, soybeans, whole grains, meat and poultry, liver, eggs and mushrooms. 

Vitamin B3:

Vitamin B3 is helps improving the nervous system, digestive system, skin health, hair and brain. Vitamin B3 also helps to convert food into a readily available source of energy, especially helpful for those who suffer from fatigue, indigestion, high blood pressure and blood cholesterol, diabetes, skin disorders and migraines. Good food sources of Vitamin B3 for diabetics include meat, mushrooms, poultry and whole grains. 

Vitamin B5:

Vitamin B5 helps converting the food, into energy . It also helps make lipids and hemoglobin. Deficiency can cause neurological problems and a burning sensation in the feet (both of which are also common in diabetics). Good food sources of Vitamin B5 for diabetics include whole grains, mushrooms, broccoli, tomatoes, avocado and poultry. 

Vitamin B6:

Vitamin B6 helps the body to use up proteins and glycogen. It also helps form hemoglobin which carries blood in the body. Vitamin B6 supports nerve health, which is essential for diabetic neuropathy. Good food sources of Vitamin B6 for diabetics are meat, poultry, soybeans, nuts, bran, oats, lentils, chickpeas and sunflower seeds. 

Vitamin B7:

Vitamin B7 helps in glucose synthesis and helps break down fatty acids. It allows the body to use proteins, fats and  carbohydrates from the food consumed. Good food sources of Vitamin B7 for diabetics include whole grains, non-fat milk and yogurt, peanuts, almonds, eggs, liver, poultry meat and soya milk. 

Vitamin B12:

Vitamin B12 boosts the central nervous system and helps improve body metabolism . It helps improving nervous and immune system. Good food sources of Vitamin B12 for diabetic are poultry, seafood, eggs, milk and other dairy products. 

Vitamin B9 or Folate:

Folate helps in creating new cell in the body, which is why it's recommended during pregnancy. It  also provide protection against certain types of cancers. Good food sources of Folate for diabetics are asparagus, spinach, okra, broccoli, legumes like chickpeas and black-eyed peas, tomato juice and orange juice. 
Vitamin B Complex is a combination of eight B vitamins - B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12. These vitamins are essential in converting the food we eat into energy. 

Vitamin C :

Vitamin C helps boost the immune system, maintains healthy tissues as is an antioxidant. It also promotes the body's ability to absorb iron. Good food sources of Vitamin C  for diabetics include citrus fruits, broccoli, potatoes, bell peppers, spinach, tomatoes, Brussel sprouts and strawberries. 

Vitamin D3:

Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluable  vitamin that helps the body to absorb calcium and phosphorus, making bones and teeth stronger and healthier. It is essential for good bone health . It boosts production of antimicrobial peptides called cathelicidins, which destroy viruses, bacteria and other germs.  For diabetics, D3 has been found to help the pancreas produce more insulin and it improves insulin resistance at the  cellular level. Vitamin D3 can help boost immunity and fight off infections. Diabetics are often prone to infections and so, getting enough vitamin D is even more important for them. Good food sources of Vitamin D for diabetics include milk, fish, eggs. 

Vitamin E:

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant which improves glucose control and protects blood vessels and nerves from free radical damage caused by diabetes. A high doses of supplemental vitamin E may even reverse damage to nerves caused by diabetes and protect against diabetic cataracts and atherosclerosis. Good food sources of Vitamin E for diabetics include vegetable oils, leafy green vegetables, avocados, nuts and sunflower seeds. 

Vitamin K:

Vitamin K is essential for activating proteins as well as calcium which helps in blood clotting and can also protect against fractures. Good food sources of Vitamin K for diabetics include liver, broccoli, spinach, sprouts, eggs and other leafy green vegetables. 

Other Supplements That Can Help Control Diabetes: 

Other supplements like Magnesium, Chromium and Omega 3 fatty acids are also extremely beneficial for diabetes.


Magnesium is a mineral which controls blood glucose. It also helps in muscle contraction, boosting energy production and metabolism of nutrients. Magnesium helps improve sugar control by getting the cells to relax and let the sugar in, thereby reducing insulin resistance. It also vital for the production of insulin in pancreas.


Chromium is a mineral required for the body to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. It also enhances insulin sensitivity. It helps to regulate sugar cravings. Lack of chromium can create insulin resistance. With chromium you can improve blood sugar management .

Omega 3 Fatty Acids:

Omega 3 fatty acids helps reducing the cholesterol level in the body, hence improving blood sugar management.

Alpha Lipoic Acid :

Alpha Lipoic Acid helps the body's insulin work better. It is a very powerful anti oxidant, which help control diabetic neuropathy .

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