Updated: January 17, 2018
Cystic acne is the most serious type of acne which can result from a combination of bacteria, oil, and dry skin cells that get trapped in your pores. When pores become blocked by excess sebum, skin cells, and bacteria, an infection can rise up in the pore. Cystic acne is a result of the most severe types of pore blockages. A large, inflamed acne lesions form deep within the skin and result in painful, large bumps visible from the surface.
Although anyone can develop acne, cystic acne mostly occur in people with oily skin. It is also more common in teens, women, and older adults with hormonal imbalances. During the onset of puberty, severe cystic acne causes are triggered by hormonal changes. Sebum is an oily substance that comes out of the pores to help protect and lubricate the skin, keeping it soft. The level of androgen hormones increases during puberty.
The oil glands of the skin produces an excess of sebum when a higher amount of androgens are produced. This leads to an excess of sebum and an increase of skin cell proliferation which results in clogging the pores and developing cystic acne. It is common to experience cystic acne around their menstrual cycles for adult women. This occurs especially on the the jawline and chin, which are the common areas for hormonally motivated breakouts.
Usually, cystic acne get clear with age. If it doesn't get clear with time on their own, you need to consult dermatologist who can prescribe the medication necessary to help clear your skin.
There are a variety of factors involved in triggering cystic acne. These aspects do not necessarily cause the formation of pimples, but can worsen pre-existing skin issues.
These factors include:
Certain medications such as birth control that contain only progesterone, lithium, phenytoin, and other drugs. If any skin issues that arise after beginning a new medication, it is important to consult a doctor.
Sometimes dairy product considered to be a cause of acne.
Hot and humid conditions can trigger the development of acne. Our skin forms sweat to help reduce the heat. When you try to wipe it away with your hands that may spread oils and foster bacteria which can lead to acne infection.
While stress does not necessarily cause acne, it can worsen a pre-existing acne issue. The sebaceous glands increase oil production in your skin when you are stressed. This results in more oil on the skin and inside pores, which can lead to development of acne. People under stress can unconsciously pick at the skin, which can worsen acne and cause scarring.
Self-care does not completely prevent cystic acne breakouts. It can help keep them under control and reduce painful symptoms. Taking care of your skin is the best way you can help prevent cystic acne. This can be done as follow:
Some of the following lifestyle changes can also improve your overall skin health and reduce cystic acne:
Your dermatologist can also help you prevent recurring cases of acne. Cystic acne can also lead to significant scarring. Leaving the cysts alone can also help prevent them from coming back. Skin care treatments can take several months before you see significant results.