Updated: September 3, 2017
People with diabetes can have major complications related to foot. Hence Foot care among diabetics has to be taken care very importantly. Prolonged high blood glucose levels may result in a condition called diabetic neuropathy that is damage to the nerves or loss of circulation or infections that will lead to serious foot problems.your feet can lose sensation and become numb if the nerves in your feet or legs are damaged. However, you can take precautions to maintain healthy feet.
The sign and symptoms include:
Untreated sores, ingrown toenails, and other problems can lead to infection. Poor circulation makes it difficult to heal an infection. Infections that do not heal can cause skin and tissue to die and turn black which is called gangrene. Treatment can involve surgery to amputate a toe, foot, or part of a leg.
Diabetic foot complications includes:
So it is always better to avoid them by taking proper foot care.
Managing your diabetes and maintaining a healthy lifestyle helps keep your feet healthy. This should include:
You can help prevent serious foot problems by following a good foot care regimen.
A few foot care habits you can do on daily basis are:
Check your feet and toes, inspecting the tops, sides, soles, heels, and the area in between the toes. If you find any sores, redness, cuts, blisters, or bruises , utmost care has to be taken until it gets cured.
Wash your feet every day in warm water with mild soap. Hot water and harsh soaps can damage your skin. Since your diabetes may make it difficult to sense water temperature with your feet, check the water temperature with your fingers or elbow before putting your feet in.
Pat your feet to dry them and make sure to dry well. Make sure you dry the area between your toes well as,infections tend to develop in moist areas soon.
Use lotion or oil if the skin on your feet feels rough or dry. Do not use lotion between your toes as infections tend to develop in moist areas soon.
Damage to your feet can be reduced by :
Visual difficulty, nerve problems, or circulatory changes in the legs or feet will make it difficult for diabetic people to do routine toenail care. Proper toenail care will help you prevent getting an ulcer or foot sore.
Few tips for proper toenail care:
Things to be taken care while choosing shoes and socks for diabetic people are: