Gir

Gir National Park is the only remaining home for the Asiatic Lions that are almost a definition to this park in Gujarat.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Gir National Park is the only remaining home for the Asiatic Lions that are almost a definition to this park in Gujarat. It plays a crucial and defining role in the preservation and sustaining of a certain species. The preservation of these lions was initiated by the Nawab of Junagadh when these were just about to enter the phase of extinction due to hunting. 
There are roughly different 2375 species of fauna here with 38 species of mammals, over 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and over 2000 species of insects. Other important wildlife forms found here are leopard, chausingha, spotted deer, hyena, sambar deer and chinkara.
The major attraction of Gir are Gir Jungle Trail, Devalia Safari Park, Flora, Water Reserve, Kamleshwar dam, Tulsi Shyam temple, Crocodile breeding farm and many more.
The Gir National Park is one of the oldest wildlife sanctuaries in India which is home to the majestic Asiatic lions along with a wide variety of flora and fauna, including over 600 species of plants, 300 bird and 39 mammal species over 1000 sq km of lush deciduous forests. Gir is also famous for other species like leopards, red-headed vultures and the Indian python apart from the lions.
The Devalia Safari Park is also known as the Gir Interpretation Zone and was established to reduce the excess of tourists at the Gir National Park. It is an eco-tourism zone, known as 'Gir in a nutshell', which houses all the wildlife and habitats of Gir within its boundaries. Prominent species that can be spotted here include Blue Bull, Asiatic Lion, Leopard, Sambhar and Peafowl. The Savana habitat is also a popular attraction here. A tour of Devalia is cheaper, quicker and allows tourists to view the animals in their natural habitat. 
The dry deciduous forests of Gir house over 500 species of flora. Teak trees cover over half the area. Other prominent species include jamun, babul, the flame of the forest etc. Casuarinas and Prosopis were planted along the coastal borders of Gir for under the afforestation program. The Gir forest has great significance both for scientific research recreational purpose.
The Gir region has seven major rivers, and 4 reservoirs at 4 dams, one each on the Hiran, Machhundri, Raval and Shingoda rivers. The biggest reservoir is the Kamleshwar Dam, which is called as the lifeline of Gir. Droughts and water scarcity are a major challenge in the region, especially during peak summers.
The beautiful Tulsi Shyam temple located within the national park is also a must visit place. The crocodile breeding farm, located near the Sasan Gir reserve, is also a popular tourist destination. 
Gir is one of the biggest habitats of the wild cats with the population of about 500 lions and 400 leopards in its premises and also a haven for the wildlife lovers.

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