Govind Ballabh Pant

Govind Ballabh Pant was a renowned Indian freedom fighter and one of the makers of modern India.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Govind Ballabh Pant was a renowned Indian freedom fighter and one of the makers of modern India. Pant was a key figure in the movement for India's Independence and later a pivotal figure in the Indian Government. He was one of the foremost political leaders of Uttar Pradesh (then known as United Provinces) and a key player in the unsuccessful movement to establish Hindi as the national language of Indian Union. He actively took part in the Non-cooperation movement, the Civil Disobedience movement and the Satyagraha movement and as a result was imprisoned several times. After India's independence, he became the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He made his mark by abolishing the zamindari system and stablising the economic condition of the state. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru inducted him in his cabinet as Union Home Minister after his nearly five year long stint as the chief minister. 


As Home Minister, he played a key role in the re-organisation of States along linguistic lines and in establishing Hindi as the official language of India.
He was born on September 10th, 1887 and died on March 7th, 1961.


Childhood of Govind Ballabh Pant:

Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was born on 10th September 1887, in a village called Khoont near Almora. He was born in a Maharashtrian Brahmin family that had migrated long back. His mother's name was Govindi Bai and his father was Manorath Pant. His father was a government officer and had to move from one place to another frequently. Hence young Govind was brought up by his maternal grandfather, Badri Dutt Joshi, who also shaped his personality and political views.


Education of Govind Ballabh Pant:

Govind Ballabh was an excellent student from his childhood. He passed Middle School and Matriculation examination from the Samay College, Almora. He then joined the Muir College, Allahabad on scholarship and graduated with Mathematics, English and Politics.


In 1907, a speech by Gokhale deeply influenced his patriotic feelings. He also read the writings of Bankim Chandra, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dickens, Thackeray, Voltaire et all. He decided to study Law and in two years, he topped his batch and won the Lumsden gold medal.


Family of Govind Ballabh Pant:

His son, Krishna Chandra Pant was also a noted politician. His other children were Lakshmi Pant and Pushpa Pant.


Some facts about Govind Ballabh Pant:

  • In 1914, he helped a village council to effectively challenge a law that required locals, known as 'coolie beggars', to carry the luggage of travelling British officers for free.
  • In 1921, he entered politics and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
  • Together with Pandit Badri Durr Pande, he started a weekly paper called 'Shakti', highlighting the problems and campaigning for the cause of the Kumaon region.
  • He played a significant role in the Indian freedom movement. He was an active participant in both the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • After India's independence, as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, he was successful in stabilizing the economic condition of the state. He abolished the zamindari system, made monogamy compulsory for Hindu men and conferred Hindu women the rights to divorce and inherit ancestral property.
  • As Home Minister, he was successful in re-organising the States along linguistic lines. He also established Hindi as an official language of the central government and a few states.
  • In 1957, he was awarded India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, for his selfless service to the nation.
  • In 1960, Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant suffered a heart attack. As the then Home Minister of India, he received the best treatment available but his health deteriorated further. After suffering a cerebral stroke he passed away on 7th March 1961, at the age of 74.
  • Some of the institution named after him are:

Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute, Allahabad
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
Govind Ballabh Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital
Govind Ballabh Pant Engineering College, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, New Delhi
Govind Ballabh Pant Engineering College, Delhi
Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Technology (G.B Pant Polytechnic), New Delhi
Govind Ballabh Pant Children Hospital, Srinagar
Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Almora, Uttarakhand
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar is an Artificial lake at Sonebhadra, Uttar Pradesh
Govind Ballabh Pant Memorial Government Post Graduate College, Rampur Bushahr
Government Govind Ballabh Pant Polytechnic, Mohan Road, Lucknow
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, Agartala, Tripura
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, Port Blair, Andaman Nicobar Islands



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