Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzarilal Nanda was an Indian politician and economist who specialized in labour issues.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Gulzarilal Nanda was an Indian politician and economist who specialized in labour issues. He was the 2nd Prime Minister of India for two short periods following the deaths of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966. Both his terms ended after the ruling Indian National Congress's parliamentary party elected a new prime minister. Though both his terms were uneventful, the timing was crucial. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1997. 


He was born on July 4th, 1898 and died on January 15th, 1998.


Childhood of Gulzarilal Nanda:

Gulzarilal Nanda was born on July 4, 1898 in Sialkotin a Punjabi, Hindu family. Sialkot was then a part of the Punjab province of British India. After the partition of India in 1947 it became a part of Pakistan.


Education of Gulzarilal Nanda:

Nanda received his early education in Lahore, Amritsar, Agra an Allahabad. Nanda started his career as a research scholar on Labour problems at Allahabad University. He worked there from 1920 to 1921.


Family of Gulzarilal Nanda:

Nanda tied the knot with Lakshmi. The couple was blessed with three children, two sons and a daughter.


Some facts about Gulzarilal Nanda:

  • In 1921, Nanda took up the post of Professor of Economics at the National College in Bombay.
  • Nanda joined the Non Cooperation Movement against the British and actively participated in the freedom struggle.
  • From 1922 until 1946, Nanda served as the secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association. Nanda was twice jailed during that period, once in 1932 for his active participation in Satyagraha and later in 1942 for two years. He was freed after two years in 1944.
  • Meanwhile, in 1937, Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly, wherein he served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Labor and Excise to the Government of Bombay for two years until 1939. During this period, Nanda actively worked for advancement and progress of the city and its governance.
  • Nanda worked as the Labour Minister of the Bombay Government from 1946 to 1950. During his tenure as Labour Minister, Nanda successfully carried out several important tasks. He directed the Labour Disputes Bill in the state assembly, served as the Trustee of the Kasturba Memorial Trust, took up the post of the secretary of the Hindustan MazdoorSevakSangh (Indian Labor Welfare Organization), and was the Chairman of the Bombay Housing Board.
  • As Labour Minister of India, Nanda represented the country at the International Labor Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in 1947 as a government delegate.
  • He worked on The Freedom of Association Committee which held various conferences across Europeincluding Sweden, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the UK. During his time at the Committee conference, he studied foreign labour and housing conditions.
  • He twice took up the post of interim Prime Minister for thirteen days each in 1962 and 1966.
  • He was amongst the 42 members who were honored with 'Proud Past Alumni' from Allahabad University Alumni Association, NCR, Ghaziabad.
  • Government of India bestowed upon him the country's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1997 to commemorate his dedication and service to the country.
  • Nanda breathed his last on January 15, 1998 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat



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