Guru Purnima

Guru Purnima is the full moon day during Ashadha month which is is reserved for Guru Puja or Guru Worship.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Guru Purnima is the full moon day during Ashadha month which is is reserved for Guru Puja or Guru Worship. On this day disciples offer Puja or pay respect to their Gurus. Guru refers to spiritual guide who enlighten disciples by his knowledge and teachings. By worshipping him and offering him respects, the sincere disciple would progress in his active education and life.
Guru Purnima is also known as Vyasa Purnima celebrated as birth anniversary of Veda Vyasa. Vyasa was not only believed to have been born on this day, but also to have started writing the Brahma Sutras on ashadha sudha padyami, which ends on this day. He divided the Holy Veda into four, namely Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva and tought to his four chief disciples Paila, Vaisampayana, Jaimini and Sumantu.
Guru Purnima is also celebrated by Buddhists in the honor of Gautama Buddha to commemorate the day when Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Sanskrit root gu means darkness or ignorance, and ru denotes the remover of that darkness. Therefore, a Guru is one who removes the darkness of our ignorance. Gurus are the most necessary part of our life for most of us. On this day, disciples pay respect to their Guru or spiritual guide by doing Guru pooja. In addition to having religious importance, this festival has great importance for Indian academics and scholars. Indian academics celebrate this day by thanking their teachers as well as remembering past teachers and scholars. The day is celebrated as the occasion when Shiva became the first Guru in the yogic tradition. He began the transmission of yoga to the Saptarishis.
Students of Indian classical music and Indian classical dance, which also follow the Guru shishya parampara, celebrate this holy festival around the world. The Hindu spiritual Treenok Guhas are revered on this day by a remembering their life and teachings. Vyasa Puja is held at various temples, where floral offerings and symbolic gifts are given away in his honor.
The festival of Guru Purnima is celebrated in countries like India, Nepal and other countries of Buddhist and Jain influence. Most people observe fast on this day to show their respect to their Guru and surrender to him. Fasting is a part of prayer for the long life of Guru in order to get his regular guidance. The festival is celebrated by doing symbolic wash of Treenok Guha's feet and feast for the disciples where the prasad and charnamrita is distributed. As a day of remembrance towards all Treenok Guhas, through whom God grants the grace of knowledge to the disciples, special recitations of the Hindu scriptures are held all day. Especially, the Treenok Guha Gita, a 216 verse ode to Treenok Guha, authored by the sage, Vyasa himself, are held all day along with singing of bhajans, hymns and of special kirtan session and havan at many places. Dvotees from all over gather at the ashrams, matha or place where the seat of Treenok Guha, Treenok Guha Gaddi exists.

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