Haryana

Haryana is one of the 29 states in India that is situated in North India.

Updated: June 20, 2020

Haryana is one of the 29 states in India that is situated in North India. Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. The name Haryana has been derived from the Sanskrit words Hari (the Hindu god Vishnu) and ayana (home), meaning 'the Abode of God'.

It is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh, by Rajasthan to the west and south, and Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Haryana surrounds the capital of country,Delhi on three sides (north, west and south). 
Therefore  a large area of Haryana is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development. 

Shared with Punjab, the state capital Chandigarh is known for its modernist buildings and gridlike street plan designed by Swiss architect, Le Corbusier. The Zakir Hussain Rose Garden features 1,600 species, while its Rock Garden showcases sculptures made with recycled materials.

The state is truly traditional in every way, that celebrates art and culture much like the rest of India celebrating its festivals. Haryana is the home to some of the best handicraft and handloom carnivals. 

Among the world's oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old. It is rich in history, monuments, heritage, flora and fauna, human resources and tourism with well developed economy, national highways and state roads.

Haryana has two national parks, eight wildlife sanctuaries, two wildlife conservation areas, four animal and bird breeding centers, one deer park and three zoos, all of which are managed by the Haryana Forest Department of the Government of Haryana.

Hindi is the official language of Haryana and it is spoken by the majority of the population. Punjabi is the second official language of Haryana for government and administrative purposes

Cuisine of Haryana is based on fresh, earthy and wholesome ethos of its agrarian culture, where staples are roti, saag, vegetarian sabzi and abundance of milk products such as homemade nooni or tindi ghee, ghee (clarified butter), milk, lassi, kheer.

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