Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's tomb is the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun which is located in the Nizamuddin East area of Delhi.

Updated: June 20, 2020

Humayun's tomb is the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun which is located in the Nizamuddin East area of Delhi. It is the first garden tomb in the Indian subcontinent that was constructed by Humayun's chief consort empress Bega Begum in the year 1569-70. The design of Humayun's tomb is a typical Mughal architecture with Persian influences and is one of the very few structures that used red sandstone on such a massive scale at that time. Humayun's Tomb was featured in UNESCO's World Heritage List in the year 1993 because of  its magnificent design and illustrious history.

Situated on the banks of the River Yamuna, this mausoleum is also home to the remains of many other Mughals, including his wives, son and descendants of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals. 

This tomb houses over 100 gravestones and the entire base structure is elevated on a stage, eight-metre high and spread over 12,000-meter square. Islamic architecture like jaalis, door frames and chhajja are the main features of this tomb.

Six-sided stars that decorates the main opening on the west, are also seen on the main tomb structure, though it has been used as a patterned galactic symbol. The mosque also has the tomb of Emperor's beloved barber. The tomb built of debris of granite and red sandstone uses white marble as a covering material. 

The Char-Bagh is a Persian style garden which is divided into 4 square walkways, giving it the name, Char Bagh. The four squares are further subdivided into smaller pathways, creating 36 squares. The central water system flows beneath the ground, feeding the mini fountains without appearing at the surface. The garden is enclosed within rubble walls on three sides while the fourth opening serves as an inlet to the river Yamuna.

Other Monuments at Humayun's Tomb include Tomb and mosque of Isa Khan, Bu Halima's tomb and garden, Afsarwala tomb and mosque, Arab Sarai, Nila Gumbad, Chillah Nizamuddin Aulia and Humayun's barber's tomb.

Tomb and mosque of Isa Khan is the mausoleum complex of Isa Khan Niyazi, who was an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri's court. He was actually an adversary of the Mughals and had fought against them. The octagonal tomb was built during the reign of Islam Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah. It is surrounded by an octagonal garden and later went on to serve as the burial place for the family of Isa Khan as well. 

The Nila Gumbad or 'Blue Dome' is present right outside the boundary of the complex , which is decorated with blue tiles. It has a unique structure which is octagonal from the outside and is a square from within. It was built by Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana who was a courtier in Akbar's court for his servant Miyan Fahim.

Arab Sarai was a safe house meant for craftsmen doing construction work.

Afsarwala tomb and mosque is located towards the southwest end of Humayun's Tomb. Afsarwala was a noble in Akbar's court.

Chillah Nizamuddin Aulia was meant to serve as the residence of Delhi's patron saint Nizamuddin Auliya, and is located right outside the complex. 
Humayun's barber's tomb is located towards the south east corner within the Char Bagh. 

Bu Halima's tomb and garden is located towards the western entry of Humayun's tomb.

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