I. K. Gujral

Inder Kumar Gujral popularly known as I. K. Gujral was an Indian politician who served as the 12th Prime Minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Inder Kumar Gujral popularly known as I. K. Gujral was an Indian politician who served as the 12th Prime Minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998. Gujral was the third PM to be from the Rajya Sabha. He was a poetic person who found his true calling in politics from his college days. Gujral spent most of his time writing poetry in Urdu as he was a big fan of the language and admired many Urdu poets and writers. In his book, 'The Foreign Policies of India' he has talked in depth about the aspirations that he had for India, how he wanted India to have warm and welcoming relations with the neighboring countries.
Gujral himself followed the footsteps by taking part in the Quit India Movement. His college politics expeditions took him to join the Communist Party of India. But after sometime, he switched to the Indian National Congress after the Indo-Pak war.


He was born on December 4th, 1919 and died on November 30th, 2012.


Childhood of I. K. Gujral:

Inder Kumar Gujral was born in 1919 in Jhelum, Pakistan, to Avtar Narain and Pushpa Gujral. He was born into the family of freedom fighters. His parents took active part in the freedom struggle. Even his brother and sister, Satish and Uma, joined the freedom struggle.


Education of I. K. Gujral:

 He finished his studies from D.A.V. College, Hailey College of Commerce and Forman Christian College University, Lahore, Pakistan. He became a member of the Communist Party of India during college days. 


Family of I. K. Gujral:

Gujral married Shiela Bhasin in 1945. She was his friend from college and a poet by profession, an acclaimed one at that. The couple had two sons together namely Naresh Gujral and Vishal Gujral. Sheila died in 2011.


Some facts about I. K. Gujral:

  • In 1942, Gujral was sent to jail for taking a part in the Quit India Movement.
  • Gujral became the vice-president of the New Delhi Municipal Committee in 1958.
  • He joined the Indian National Congress and became a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1964, the Upper House of the Parliament in the same year.
  • He was the Minister of Information and Broadcasting during the tough times of Emergency in 1975.
  • Gujral served as the Ambassador of India to the U.S.S.R from 1976-1980.
  • Gujral left the Congress party in 1980s and joined Janta Dal.
  • He served as the Minister of External Affairs during the reign of V. P. Singh from 1989-1990, and again in 1996, he became the Minister of External Affairs during the rule of H.D. Deve Gowda.
  • In 1997 Gujral was chosen as the Prime Minister of India, but he held the position only for eleven months.
  • "The Gujral Doctrine" that he developed as an instrument of foreign policy, emphasise on the importance on maintaining friendly relations with the neighboring countries which was a great work done by him.
  • He was diagnosed with a lung infection in 2012 and was admitted at Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana. His condition worsened at the hospital and soon he was declared quite critical and passed away within a few days.



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