Updated: June 18, 2020
Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15 August, as a national holiday in India. It is celebrated to commemorate the independence of India from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947. On this day the UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly. India attained independence following the Independence Movement noted for largely non-violent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress (INC). But along with independence, the partition of India also happened, in which the British India was divided along religious lines into the Dominions of India and Pakistan. The partition was accompanied by violent riots and mass casualties.
The first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi on 15 August 1947.
15th August was the day when India was freed from the British Rule. It is a national festival and has equal importance for every Indian regardless of religion, class, creed or race. The way of celebration is also the same throughout the country.
Every year this glorious day is celebrated to remember the old memories about the struggle and sacrifice of all the freedom fighters. Indian celebrates the freedom and rejoice on this day.
This day is celebrated with great pride, enthusiasm and high spirits across the country and is marked as a very important day in Indian History.
The last British Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten, declared that India was separated from the rule of British power on 3rd June 1947. The announcement was held under Indian Independence Act ,that was made in the year of 1947. 15th August 1947 symbolizes the victory of Indian against the dominating rule of the British powers.
Independence Day is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. It is a national holiday. Independence Day is one of the three National holidays in India which is observed in all Indian states and union territories. On the eve of Independence Day, the President of India delivers the 'Address to the Nation'. The Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag on the ramparts of the historical site of Red Fort in Delhi on this day. 21 gun shots are fired in honor of the solemn occasion. He pays tribute to the leaders of the Indian independence movement. The Indian national anthem, 'Jana Gana Mana', is sung. In his speech, the Prime Minister highlights the achievements of past years, raises important issues of the nation and promise for further development. The speech is followed by march past of divisions of the Indian Armed Forces and paramilitary forces. Scenes from the independence struggle and India's diverse cultural traditions are showcased by parades and pageants. Similar events take place in state capitals where the Chief Ministers of individual states unfurl the national flag, followed by parades and pageants. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs take place in governmental, non-governmental institutions, schools and colleges throughout the country. Indians adorn their clothing, wristbands, cars, household accessories with replicas of the tri-color.