The India Gate, originally called the 'All India War Memorial' is a war memorial that is located along the Rajpath in New Delhi.
The India Gate
, originally called the 'All India War Memorial' is a war memorial that is located along the Rajpath in New Delhi. The imposing structure of India Gate
is an awe-inspiring sight and is often compared to the Arch de Triomphe in France, the Gateway of India in Mumbai and the Arch of Constantine in Rome.
This 42-meter tall historical structure was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and is one of the largest war memorials in the country. Every year it host the Republic Day Parade. This monument has the names of 13,300 servicemen inscribed on its surface, dedicated to 82,000 Indian and British soldiers who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. Due to security reasons access to read the names on the memorial is restricted. However, the names can be be seen on the Delhi Memorial that is India Gate website, which lists the names with date of death, unit, regiment, place on gate where name is inscribed, location, and other information.
The premises of India Gate also houses the Amar Jawan Jyoti, which is a kindled structure right underneath the archway. The Amar Jawan Jyoti symbolizes the eternal, immortal soldiers of India. Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Flame of Immortal Soldier was constructed under the India Gate after the Indo-Pakistani war in the year 1971 to pay respect to all the soldiers who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War. A small shrine-like structure made up of black marble is there below the India Gate, which always has a fire burning in it. 'Amar Jawan' is scripted in gold on all the four sides of the black cenotaph placed on the top of a marble pedestal. The marble pedestal is bound by four urns, one of which has a continuously burning flame. The memorial is guarded 24/7 by soldiers of Indian Army, Indian Navy and Air Force.
Because of its rich historical background and astonishing architecture, India Gate has become one of the most popular picnic spots in the city. You can spend some quality time relaxing here with friends and family while enjoying a view of India Gate in the backdrop. The Childrens' Park nearby can be a fun place for the kids.
The cornice of the India Gate is inscribed with the Imperial suns while both sides of the arch have INDIA, flanked by the dates MCMXIV (1914 left) and MCMXIX (1919 right). Below the word INDIA, in capital letters, is inscribed:
"TO THE DEAD OF THE INDIAN ARMIES WHO FELL AND ARE HONOURED IN FRANCE AND FLANDERS MESOPOTAMIA AND PERSIA EAST AFRICA GALLIPOLI AND ELSEWHERE IN THE NEAR AND THE FAR-EAST AND IN SACRED MEMORY ALSO OF THOSE WHOSE NAMES ARE HERE RECORDED AND WHO FELL IN INDIA OR THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER AND DURING THE THIRD AFGHAN WAR:.
There is a 73-foot cupola, inspired by a sixth-century pavilion from Mahabalipuram about 150 meters East of the India Gate war memorial. Lutyens used four Delhi Order columns to support the domed canopy and its chhajja. There is also a National War Memorial around the canopy, and a National War Museum in adjoining Princess Park.