J. B. Kripalani

Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani or J. B. Kripalani popularly known as Acharya Kripalani, was an Indian politician, noted particularly for holding the presidency of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power in 1947.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani or J. B. Kripalani  popularly known as Acharya Kripalani, was an Indian politician, noted particularly for holding the presidency of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power in 1947 and the husband of Sucheta Kriplani. 


He actively took part in the Gandhi-initiated Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement. He worked closely as a Congress member and activist but later resigned from his membership to form a new political party called Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party which eventually became Praja Socialist Party. He was born on November 11th, 1888 and died on March 19th, 1982.


Childhood of J. B. Kripalani :

J. B. Kripalani was born as Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani on November 11th, 1888 in Hyderabad, Sind in a Hindu Kshatriya Amil family to Kaka Bhagwandas. His father was in government service, holding the profile of a revenue and judicial officer. He was the sixth of the eight children born to his parents.


Education of J. B. Kripalani:

Kripalani completed his preliminary education from a local school in Sindh before moving to Wilson College Bombay for his higher education. It was therein that he realized his liking for English poetry. Interestingly as much as he liked English poetry then, later he detested English rulers in a similar fashion.


In college he involved himself in the unrest caused by the students during the partition of Bengal. Therefore he was forced by the college authorities to migrate to D. J. Sind College at Karachi, seeking quieter surrounding.


Following a derogatory remark made by the principal of the college in Karachi, he actively participated in political agitation which got him ousted from the college.


He later moved to Fergusson College in Poona where he graduated in 1908. Following this, he studied further and finally attained an MA degree in History and Economics.


Family of J. B. Kripalani:

In 1936, he married Sucheta, a teacher in Women's College at the Benaras Hindu University, whom he first met through her cousin who worked as the Secretary of the Gandhi Ashram at Benares initiated by him.


His wife was also a Congress loyalist and served the Party lifelong. In her political career, she took up various positions with several Central ministries. She became the first woman to chair the position of Chief Minister, in Uttar Pradesh. 


Some facts about J. B. Kripalani:

  • Upon completing his education, he took up the profile of a teacher and started off as a Professor of English and History at the Muzaffarpur College in Bihar. He continued working in the profile for five years from 1912 to 1917.
  • The turning point in his life came after second meeting with Gandhiji in 1917 during the Champaran Satyagraha. Deeply inspired by him, he involved himself in the Indian National Congress.
  • While working at the Gujarat Vidyapeeth that he came to be called as Acharya which struck to his name for the rest of his life.
  • Acharya Kripalani shares his birthday with Maulana Azad, a renowned Indian freedom fighter
  • He penned his autobiography 'My Times' which got published posthumously 22 years after his death by Rupa publishers in 2004.
  • He breathed his last on March 19, 1982 at the age of 94.



Related Articles

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India.

Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray was an Indian chemist, educationist, historian, industrialist and philanthropist.

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary who joined the radical Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) at the age of 15.

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian Bengali scientist and applied statistician.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an Indian American astrophysicist who spent his professional life in the United States.

Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar was an Indian colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator.

Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is is an iconic figure, who is considered as the 'Father of the Nation'.

Suppliers Across World


Browse suppliers across the globe including Angola, Dominican Republic, Germany, Fiji Islands, Latvia, Barbados, Palestine, Turkmenistan, Micronesia, Federated States of, Afghanistan, Brunei, Zimbabwe, Mexico, Netherlands, Western Sahara, Kiribati, Finland, Czech Republic, Qatar, Cape Verde, Dominica, Ecuador, Guyana, Benin, Belize, Niue, Australia, Sudan, Belarus, Japan, Northern Ireland, Bolivia, Sierra Leone, Nepal, South Sudan, Croatia, Yemen, Colombia, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Ethiopia, Martinique, Bahamas, Israel, Seychelles, Laos, Antarctica, Anguilla, Montserrat, East Timor, Brazil and other localities of World as well..