Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir also known as the 'Paradise on the Earth' for its splendid and magnificent sceneries, snow-capped mountains, plentiful wildlife, exquisite monuments and local handicraft.

Updated: October 16, 2018

Jammu and Kashmir also known as the 'Paradise on the Earth' for its splendid and magnificent sceneries, snow-capped mountains, plentiful wildlife, exquisite monuments and local handicraft.
Often denoted by its acronym, J&K, it is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. The Line of Control separates it from the Pakistani administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north respectively. A Line of Actual Control separates it from the Chinese administered territory of Aksai Chin in the east. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.
Jammu and Kashmir consist of three regions, namely Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with majority of Muslim population.
Situated between the Himalayan, Pir Panjal and Karakoram mountain ranges is renowned for its natural beauty and gentle people. It has the most beautiful mountain peaks, massive glaciers, splendid monasteries, blue lakes, rivers, forests, verdant meadows and tall pine trees.
Jammu and Kashmir is home to several valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The main Kashmir Valley is is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape which is 100 km wide and 15,520.3 km square in area. The Himalayas divide the Kashmir valley from Ladakh while the Pir Panjal range, which encloses the valley from the west and the south, separates it from the Great Plains of northern India.
The main range of the Himalayas runs along the northeastern flank of the Valley. The holy shrines of Jammu and the Buddhist monasteries of Ladakh are popular pilgrimage and tourism destinations. Amarnath and Vaishno Devi temple in this state attracts large number of pilgrims every year. Dal Lake, Kashmir Valley, Khardung La Pass, Gulmarg, Shalimar bagh are some of the major attractions of the state.
The Dumhal is a famous dance in the Kashmir Valley, performed by men of the Wattal region. The Rouff, another traditional folk dance perforemed by women. Kashmir has been noted for its fine arts for centuries, including poetry and handicrafts. The traditional small wooden boats called Shikaras, and houseboats are a common feature in lakes and rivers across the Valley.
The principal spoken languages are Kashmiri, Urdu, Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Pahari, Balti, Ladakhi, Gojri, Shina and Pashto in Jammu and Kashmir. Urdu occupies a central space in media, education, religious and political discourses, and the legislature of Jammu and Kashmir.

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