Updated: October 25, 2019
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was a freedom fighter and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He was born in 14th November 1889 and died in 27th May 1964. He was the first Prime Minister of India after independence. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community while Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru. With Gandhi as his mentor, Nehru worked his way to become an important leader of the Indian National Congress. Jawaharlal Nehru is widely admired for his astute idealism and statesmanship.
He played a major role in making India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, for which he is often referred to as the 'architect of modern India'. He shaped modern India's government and political culture along with a sound foreign policy.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born to Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani in Allahabad in British India. He was the elder child of the couple. Vijaya Lakhsmi and Krishna Huthseeing were his siblings. His father was a barrister and was actively involved in the Indian independence movement and served as the President of the Indian National Congress twice.
Nehru received most of his primary education at home with the help of several tutors and governess. Nehru was enrolled at the Harrow School in England at the age of 16 after which he got admission at the Trinity College, Cambridge, where he earned his honors degree in natural science. After attaining his graduate degree, Nehru relocated to London in 1910 and enrolled himself at the Inns of Court School of Law, where he studied law. In two years, he passed his bar examination and was offered to be admitted to the English bar. Nehru returned to his homeland in 1912 and started practicing law as a barrister at the Allahabad High Court.
Jawaharlal Nehru got married to Kamala Kaul in 1916. His only daughter, Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (later Gandhi) went on to become the first woman Prime Minister of the country.
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