Jayaprakash Narayan

Jayaprakash Narayan popularly known as JP or Lok Nayak, was an Indian independence activist, theorist, socialist and political leader.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Jayaprakash Narayan popularly known as JP or Lok Nayak, was an Indian independence activist, theorist, socialist and political leader. He is also known as the 'Hero of Quit India Movement' and he remembered especially for leading the mid 1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. His biography, Jayaprakash, was written by his nationalist friend and an eminent writer of Hindi literature, Rambriksh Benipuri. In 1999, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work. Other awards include the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965. 


His Struggles to make ends meet in a foreign land made him realize the difficulties faced by the working class. He became convinced that Marxism was the way to alleviate the suffering of the masses after being introduced to Karl Marx's 'Das Kapital'. He evolved into a staunch Marxist and upon his return to India he joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru. He was born on October 11th, 1902 and died on October 8th, 1979.


Childhood of Jayaprakash Narayan:

Jayaprakash Narayan was born on 11 October 1902 in a village in Saran district of Bihar, British India, into a Hindu Kayastha family as the fourth child of Harsu Dayal Srivastava and Phul Rani Devi. His father was a junior official in the Canal Department of the State government.


Education of Jayaprakash Narayan:

He studied at the collegiate school at Patna where he developed a reading habit. Along with magazines like 'Saraswati', 'Prabha' and 'Pratap', he also read the 'Bhagwad Gita'. He was a brilliant student and excelled in his studies. He completed school in 1918. He won a District merit scholarship to Patna College.
He moved to the United States in 1922 for his higher studies. He did several odd jobs to pay for his education there and these experiences made him aware about the difficulties faced by the working class. He initially enrolled at Berkeley and later transferred to The University of Iowa when fees at Berkeley was doubled. He was again forced to transfer to many other universities. Despite the difficulties he faced in the U.S., he managed to study his favorite subject, sociology, and received some valuable guidance from Professor Edward Ross. During this time he was introduced to Karl Marx's works which influenced him greatly.


He became an avowed Marxist and delved deeply into books by Indian intellectual and Communist theoretician M. N. Roy. He also read the works of Lenin, Trotsky, Plekhanov and Rosa Luxemburg.


Family of Jayaprakash Narayan:

Jayaprakash Narayan married Prabhavati Devi in 1920. His wife was just 14 years old at the time of marriage, who evolved to become a prominent freedom fighter and Gandhian in her own right. Prabhavati was very independent and moved to Gandhi's ashram when Narayan went to the U.S. for his higher studies.


He suffered from kidney failure, diabetes and heart ailments during his later years and died on 8 October 1979.


Some facts about Jayaprakash Narayan:

  • Jayaprakash Narayan led the Bihar Movement, also called Total Revolution Movement or JP Movement which was initiated by students in Bihar in 1974 in protest against the corruption in the government of Bihar. It later turned against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government at the centre and became a satyagraha of sorts.
  • In 1965 he was presented with the Ramon Magsaysay Award for public service.
  • He was posthumously honored with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1999 in recognition of his social work.
  • The largest hospital run by the Delhi government and the teaching hospital of Maulana Azal Delhi in his name, situated on Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.
  • The Chhapra-Delhi-Chhapra Weekly Express was renamed as 'Loknayak Express' in his honour on 1st August 2015.
  • Digha-Sonpur Bridge, a rail-road bridge across river Ganga in Bihar and the Patna airport is named after his name.
  • Jayaprakash Narayan Nagar (JP Nagar) a residential area in Bengaluru is named after Jayaprakash Narayan.



Related Articles

Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent.

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian Bengali scientist and applied statistician.

Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose was an Indian physicist specializing in theoretical physics.

Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray was an Indian chemist, educationist, historian, industrialist and philanthropist.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an Indian American astrophysicist who spent his professional life in the United States.

Rajiv Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi was one of the most popular politicians of India who served as the 6th Prime Minister of India.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is is an iconic figure, who is considered as the 'Father of the Nation'.

Suppliers Across World


Browse suppliers across the globe including Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Trinidad and Tobago, Slovenia, Switzerland, Turkey, Uruguay, Philippines, Qatar, Ivory Coast, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands Antilles, Equatorial Guinea, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Samoa, Pakistan, Belize, Georgia, Austria, United Arab Emirates, Burundi, Marshall Islands, Egypt, Solomon Islands, Kuwait, Ireland, Benin, Wales, Falkland Islands, Dominica, Slovakia, Netherlands, Zimbabwe, Mongolia, Norfolk Island, Cayman Islands, Vietnam, United Kingdom, French Polynesia, North Korea, Seychelles, Nicaragua, Mayotte, Guinea, Greece, Tuvalu, Reunion, Suriname, Chad and other localities of World as well..