Junagadh

Junagad is very close to the Girnar Hills and the world renowned Gir National Park.

Updated: January 9, 2019

Junagad is very close to the Girnar Hills and the world renowned Gir National Park. Catch a glimpse of the wild in the Sakkabaug Zoo and the Wildlife Museum. You can get a feel of the serene yet religious atmosphere in Girnar Hills. The fort at Uperkot is another tourist attraction point.
The major attraction of Junagad are Mohabbat Maqbara, Uperkot Fort, Adi-kadi Vav and Navghan Kuwo, Gir, Edicts of Ashoka, Sarkeshwar Beach, Buddhist Caves and many more.
Mohabbat Maqbara, also known as Mausoleum of Bahaduddnbhai Hasainbhai, is a mausoleum and its unique architecture makes it one of the most important attractions of Junagarh.
It houses the tombs of Mohabbat khanji in the Mohabbat Maqabra and tomb of Bahaduddin Hasainbhai in the Bahaduddinhassainbhai Maqabra which was built in the late 19th century. This monument is a unique example of Indo-Islamic and Gothic architecture with finely designed arches, elaborate stone carvings on the walls and windows, silver-decorated portals, the winding staircases encircling its four tall minarters, the old step-well in the grounds and its onion shaped dome. Jama Masjid is also located nearby.
Uperkot Fort is over 2300 years old, with walls up to 20m high in some places. There used to be a 300 ft. deep moat inside the walls which reportedly used to be inhabited by crocodiles for the protection of fort. Neelam and Manek, forged in Cairo and brought by the Turks are the two major tourist attractions in the fort. Also see the stepwells and caves in the fort complex.
Girnar Hills are a collection of hills that is situated 5 km from Junagadh town, whose origins can be traced back to the Vedas. It has been considered to be a religious place even as long before in the Mohan-jo-daro period.
Adi-kadi Vav and Navghan Kuwo are two step wells inside the Uperkot Fort. Usually wells are dug into the ground through layers of soil, stones, etc. and the construction is like that done above the ground. But the USP of these stepwells is the fact that unlike most wells, this well isn't dug. It is carved out of the stone in the ground. Technically the entire structure is carved out of a single stone.
Gir National Park is the only remaining home for the Asiatic Lions that are almost a definition to this park in Gujarat. The Gir National Park is one of the oldest wildlife sanctuaries in India which is home to the majestic Asiatic lions along with a wide variety of flora and fauna, including over 600 species of plants, 300 bird and 39 mammal species over 1000 sq km of lush deciduous forests. Gir is also famous for other species like leopards, red-headed vultures and the Indian python apart from the lions. The preservation of these lions was initiated by the Nawab of Junagadh when these were just about to enter the phase of extinction due to hunting.
Other important wildlife forms found here are leopard, chausingha, spotted deer, hyena, sambar deer and chinkara.
One of the edicts of Ashoka is at the foot of Girnar Hill in Junagadh, Gujarat. An edict quite literally means an order or decree issued by an official authority.
King Ashoka is one of the most revered figures in Indian history. After a lifetime of war and violent pursuits, he renounced his throne and took up the virtues of Buddhism in spirit. Mindfulness, meditation, kindness, and gratitude became his new mantra, along with the renunciation of greed and animal sacrifice. To spread this message of peace, he inscribed edicts across the region, from the coasts of India to Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.
Sarkeshwar Beach is one good place to relax and enjoy. Sound of the waves here are very soothing and the shore is lined by tiny and beautiful sea shells.
Buddhist Caves aren't exactly caves but rooms carved out of stones and were used as monk's headquarters. The Khapara Kodia caves is the oldest one and belong to 3rd to 4th century AD and are plainest of all cave groups.
They were carved into living rock during the reign of Emperor Ashoka and are considered the earliest monastic settlement in the area. Baba Pyara caves is another set of caves lie close to the Modhimath, which has four caves in its northern group.

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