Karnataka

Originally known as the State of Mysore, it t was formed on 1 November 1956 and was renamed Karnataka in 1973.

Updated: September 29, 2019

Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it t was formed on 1 November 1956 and was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore (Bengaluru).
Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the south. Kannada, one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state.
The two main river systems of the state are the Krishna and  Kaveri. Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nadu, meaning 'elevated land'. Karu nadu may also be read as karu, meaning 'black', and nadu, meaning 'region', as a reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayalu Seeme region of the state.
Karnataka hosts numerous spots of interest for tourists. There are number of ancient sculptured temples, modern cities, scenic hill ranges, forests and beaches. Karnataka has been ranked as the fourth most popular destination for tourism among the states of India.
Karnataka has 25 wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks. Bandipur National Park, Bannerghatta National Park and Nagarhole National Park are more popular among the five. The ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire at Hampi and the monuments of Pattadakal are on the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The cave temples at Badami and the rock-cut temples at Aihole representing the Badami Chalukyan style of architecture are also popular tourist destinations. The Hoysala temples at Belur and Halebidu, which were built with Chloritic schist (soapstone) are proposed UNESCO World Heritage sites. The Gol Gumbaz and Ibrahim Rauza are famous examples of the Deccan Sultanate style of architecture.
The waterfalls of Karnataka and Kudremukh are considered as '1001 Natural Wonders of the World'. Jog Falls is India's tallest single-tiered waterfall with Gokak Falls, Unchalli Falls, Magod Falls, Abbey Falls and Shivanasamudra Falls among other popular waterfalls.
Murudeshwara, Gokarna, Malpe and Karwa are some of the popular beaches here. Several Hindu temples including the famous Udupi Sri Krishna Matha, the Marikamba Temple at Sirsi, the Kollur Mookambika Temple, the Sri Manjunatha Temple at Dharmasthala, Kukke Subramanya Temple and Sharadamba Temple at Shringeri attract pilgrims from all over India.
Rice and Ragi form the staple food in South Karnataka, whereas Jolada rotti, Sorghum is staple to North Karnataka. Bisi bele bath, Jolada rotti, Ragi mudde, Uppittu, Benne Dose, Masala Dose and Maddur Vade are some of the popular food items in Karnataka. Among sweets, Mysore Pak, Karadantu of Gokak and Amingad, Belgaavi Kunda and Dharwad pedha are popular. Udupi cuisine of coastal Karnataka is popular all over India.

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