Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the 2nd Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party

Updated: June 28, 2020

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the 2nd Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party. He was born on 2nd October 1904 and died on 11 January 1966.

He served in a number of other departments like the railway ministry and the home ministry before becoming the Prime Minister of India. He coined the famous slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan: during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. He died while he was in the process of signing the Tashkent Agreement on 10 January 1966 - the formal declaration of the end of Indo-Pak war. He is the only Indian Prime Minister to have died in office overseas. His death is still considered as a mystery for nobody knows under what circumstances he died.

Childhood of Lal Bahadur Shastri:

Shastri was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh to Sharada Prasad and Ramdulari Devi. He was born at the house of his maternal grandparents in Mughalsarai in a Kayastha Hindu family. His father was a school teacher who later became a clerk in the revenue office at Allahabad, while his mother, Ramdulari Devi, was the daughter of Munshi Hazari Lal, the headmaster and English teacher at a railway school in Mughalsarai. His father died when Shastri was only a year old. He was raised along with his two sisters by his mother.


Education of Lal Bahadur Shastri:

Shastri studied at the East Central Railway Inter College in Varanasi and later graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926. Soon after, he joined the Servants of the People Society which was founded by a prominent nationalist leader of that time, Lala Lajpath Rai.


Family of Lal Bahadur Shastri:

Shastri married Lalita Devi from Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh in 1928. The couple had six children Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok. The family lost Ashok when he was only 37 years old.


Some facts about Lal Bahadur Shastri:

  • Shastri became a part of Indian independence movement in 1920s and was driven by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Gandhi’s famous Salt Satyagraha in 1930, for which he was sent to the prison for two and a half years.
  • Shastri was appointed as the Police and Transport minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1947.
  • He was elected the Prime Minister of India the same year Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, died in office in 1964.
  • Shastri was the first person to be posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna.
  • Varanasi International Airport is named after him.
  • A memorial 'Vijay Ghat' was built for him in Delhi.
  • Several educational institutes, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (Mussorie, Uttarakhand) is after his name.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management was established in Delhi by the 'Lal Bahadur Shastri Educational Trust' in 1995 as is one of the top business schools in India.
  • RBI released coins in the denomination of Rs.5 during his birth century celebrations.
  • All India Lal Bahadur Shastri Hockey tournament is held every year since 1991 a major tournament in the field of Hockey.


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