Mahatma Gandhi is is an iconic figure, who is considered as the 'Father of the Nation'.
Mahatma Gandhi, or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. He is an iconic figure, who is considered as the 'Father of the Nation', mainly by the virtue of his very unconventional personality and a divergent approach towards life. He remain immortal in the hearts of many because of the ability to think and act differently from the rest of the crowd.
He is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.
The title Mahatma which means 'high-souled' or 'venerable' in Sanskrit was applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa is now used worldwide. He was also called as Bapu in India.
Childhood of Mahatma Gandhi:
Mahatma Gandhi was born in October 2nd, 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, India and died in January 30th, 1948 in Delhi. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. His mother Putlibai was Karamchand's fourth wife. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings. His mother was an extremely religious lady who had a great influence on the young Mohandas.
Education of Mahatma Gandhi:
He passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay in 1887 and enrolled at the Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. However, when he received the opportunity to study law at the Inner Temple in London in 1888, he left the Samaldas College and sailed to England in August. There he studied law and jurisprudence with the intention of becoming a barrister. He completed his studies successfully and was called to the bar in June 1891. He then returned to India.
Family of Mahatma Gandhi:
Gandhi married his wife, Kasturba in an arranged marriage in May 1883 when he was 13, and together they had five children of whom four survived to adulthood. The names of his children were Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas. His wife too became a social activist in her own right later on.
Some Facts about Gandhi:
- Gandhi was a prolific writer and the books that he wrote include the autobiographies 'The Story of My Experiments with Truth', 'Satyagraha in South Africa', and 'Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule'.
- Gandhi had gained a reputation as a fearless civil rights activist while In South Africa. On request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress in India's struggle for freedom.
- He was a strict adherent to the principle of non-violence.
- The non co-operation movement initiated by Gandhi to boycott of British goods and British educational institutions gained widespread mass appeal all over India which greatly agitated the British. Gandhi was arrested, tried for sedition, and imprisoned for two years (1922-24).
- He raised the Indians to unite as one irrespective of the divisions of religion, caste and creed in the country's fight for independence.
- Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. He led a march from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat with thousands of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against British rule.
- The Quit India Movement launched by Gandhi during World War II became the most forceful movement in the history of the Indian independence struggle
- He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Vinayak Godse, a militant Hindu nationalist activist who shot three bullets into Gandhi's chest at point-blank range at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi. Prior to his assassination, there had been five unsuccessful attempts to kill him.