Updated: September 25, 2019
Mahatma Gandhi, or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. He is an iconic figure, who is considered as the 'Father of the Nation', mainly by the virtue of his very unconventional personality and a divergent approach towards life. He remain immortal in the hearts of many because of the ability to think and act differently from the rest of the crowd.
He is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.
The title Mahatma which means 'high-souled' or 'venerable' in Sanskrit was applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa is now used worldwide. He was also called as Bapu in India.
Mahatma Gandhi was born in October 2nd, 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar, India and died in January 30th, 1948 in Delhi. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state. His mother Putlibai was Karamchand's fourth wife. Mohandas had two elder half-sisters and three elder siblings. His mother was an extremely religious lady who had a great influence on the young Mohandas.
He passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay in 1887 and enrolled at the Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. However, when he received the opportunity to study law at the Inner Temple in London in 1888, he left the Samaldas College and sailed to England in August. There he studied law and jurisprudence with the intention of becoming a barrister. He completed his studies successfully and was called to the bar in June 1891. He then returned to India.
Gandhi married his wife, Kasturba in an arranged marriage in May 1883 when he was 13, and together they had five children of whom four survived to adulthood. The names of his children were Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas. His wife too became a social activist in her own right later on.
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