Manipur

Manipur also known as the jewel city of India is a state in northeastern India.

Updated: June 21, 2020

Manipur also known as the jewel city of India is a state in northeastern India, that is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma (Myanmar) lies to its east. The capital of the city is Imphal. Manipur has primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential. It is connected to other areas by daily flights through Imphal airport, which is the second largest in northeastern India. Manipur is home to many sports and the origin of Manipuri dance. Polo, which can be called a royal game, originated in Manipu and is introduced to Europeans.

The state has four major river basins that include the Barak River Basin (Barak Valley) to the west, the Manipur River Basin in central Manipur, the Yu River Basin in the east, and a portion of the Lanye River Basin in the north. The official languages are Meitei language and English. The term Meitei includes Sanamahis, Christians, Hindus and Manipuri Brahmins (locally called 'Meetei Bamons').

The tourist season is from October to February when it is often sunny without being hot and humid. The culture features martial arts, dance, theatre and sculpture. 

With the natural beauty of waterfalls, lakes, streams, evergreen forests surrounded by nine sub-Himalayan ranges that attract the tourists from all over the world. The seasonal Shirui Lily plant at Ukhrul (district), Dzukou valley at Senapati, Sangai (Brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are among the rarities of the area. 

The Loktak Lake, a miniature inland sea lies 48 km (30 mi) from Imphal, is the largest fresh water lake in North East India. Loktak is combination of two words, "lok = stream / tak = the end" (End of the Streams). There is a Tourist Bungalow atop Sendra Island. Life on the lake includes small islands that are floating weed on which the Lake people lives, the blue waters of the lake, and colourful water plants. There is a Sendra Tourist Home with an attached cafeteria in the middle of the lake. Floating islands are made out of the tangle of watery weeds and other plants. The wetland is swampy and is favourable for a number of species. It is in the district of Bishnupur. 

Kaina is a hillock about 921 metres (3,022 ft) above sea level which is a sacred place for Manipuri Hindus. It is belived that Shri Govindajee appeared in the dream of his devotee, Shri Jai Singh Maharaja, and asked the saintly king to install in a temple, an image of Shri Govindajee. It was to be carved out of a jack fruit tree, which was then growing at Kaina. It is 29 km (18 mi) from Imphal.

The Dzukou Valley is in Senapati district bordering with Kohima. There are seasonal flowers and a number of flora and fauna. It is at an altitude of 2,438 metres (7,999 ft) above sea level, behind the Japfu Peak in Nagaland. The rare Dzukou lily is found only in this valley.

Keibul Lamjao National Park, 48 km (30 mi) away from Imphal is the only floating national park of the world. It is an abode of the rare and endangered species of brow antlered deer. This ecosystem contains 17 rare species of mammals.

The Zoological Gardens are 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the west of Imphal, at the foot of the pine growing hillocks at Iroisemba on the Imphal-Kangchup Road.
Sadu Chiru waterfall is near Ichum Keirap village that is 27 km (17 mi) from Imphal, in the Sadar hill area of Senapati district. This consists of three falls with the first fall about 30 metres (98 ft) high with Agape Park is in the vicinity.

Thalon Cave is one of the historical sites of Manipur under Tamenglong district which is around 910 metres (2,990 ft) above sea level. It is around 185 kilometres (115 mi) from the state capital and around 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Tamenglong district headquarters in north side.

Khangkhui Cave is a natural limestone cave in Ukhrul district. According to local folklore, tThe big hall in the cave is the darbar hall of the Devil King living deep inside while the northern hall is the royal bedroom.

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