New Year

First day of January is known as New Year that is the day at which a new calendar year begins and the year count of calendar increases by one.

Updated: September 24, 2018

First day of January is known as New Year that is the day at which a new calendar year begins and the year count of calendar increases by one.
During the Middle Ages, New Year's Day in western Europe, depends on locale, to one of several other days, including March 1, March 25, Easter, September 1, and December 25. However in 1582, the adoptions of the Gregorian calendar and changes to the Old Style and New Style dates meant the various local dates for New Year's Day changed to using one fixed date, January first.
January first as the beginning of a new year is almost global now. Regional or local use of other calendars continues, along with the cultural and religious practices that accompany them. New year is celebrated in various countries differs in day and is based on the calendar they follow.
January 1: is the first day of the civil year in the Gregorian calendar used by most countries. The Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar begins the new year on September 1. there is also no particular religious observance attached to the start of the new cycle. Orthodox nations may, however, make civil celebrations for the New Year.
Those that adhere to the revised Julian calendar which synchronizes dates with the Gregorian calendar, including Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Romania, Syria, and Turkey, observe both the religious and civil holidays on January 1. In other nations and locations where Orthodox churches still adhere to the Julian calendar, including Georgia, Israel, Russia, the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Ukraine, the civil new year is observed on January 1 of the civil calendar, while those same religious feasts occur on January 14 (which is January 1 Julian), in accord with the liturgical calendar.
The Chinese New Year, also known as the Lunar New Year, occurs every year on the new moon of the first lunar month, about the beginning of spring. The exact date can fall any time between January 21 and February 21 inclusive of the Gregorian Calendar.
The Korean New Year is a Seollal or Lunar New Year’s Day. Although January 1 is, in fact, the first day of the year, Seollal, the first day of the lunar calendar, is more meaningful for Koreans. Mesoamerican New Year is on February 23. The Iranian New Year, called Nowruz, is the day containing the exact moment of the Northward equinox, which usually occurs on March 20 or 21, marking the start of the spring season. The Balinese New Year, based on the Saka Calendar is called Nyepi, and it falls on Bali's Lunar New Year around March.
Ugadi, the Telugu and Kannada New Year, generally falls in the months of March or April. The people of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka states in southern India celebrate the advent of New Year's Day in these months. The first month of the new year is Chaitra Masa. In the Kashmiri calendar, the holiday Navreh marks the New Year in March or April. This holy day of Kashmiri Brahmins has been celebrated for several millennia. Gudi Padwa is celebrated as the first day of the Hindu year by the people of Maharashtra, India and Sanskar Padwa is celebrated in Goa. This day falls in March or April and coincides with Ugadi.
The Sindhi festival of Cheti Chand is celebrated on the same day as Ugadi/Gudi Padwa to mark the celebration of the Sindhi New Year. Tamil New Year is celebrated in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, on the first of Chithrai that falls in April. For Punjabi and Sikh, Vaisakhi is celebrated on April 14 in Punjab according to their nanakshahi calendar.
Nepal New Year is celebrated on the 1st of Baisakh Baisakh (12–15 April) in Nepal. Nepal follows Vikram Samvat as an official calendar. The Dogra of Himachal Pradesh celebrate their new year Chaitti in the month of Chaitra. Maithili New Year (Jude Sheetal), Naya Barsha, is also on the 1st of Baisakh Baisakh (April 12–15) of Vikram Samvat, an official Hindu calendar of the Mithila region of Nepal and adjoining parts of India.
Assamese New Year (Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu) is celebrated on April 14 or 15 in the Indian state of Assam. Bengali New Year is celebrated on the 1st of Boishakh (April 14 or 15) in Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal and Tripura.
Odia New Year (Maghe Sankranti) is celebrated on April 14 in the Indian state of Odisha. It is also called Vishuva Sankranti or Pana Sankranti.
Manipuri New Year or Cheirouba is celebrated on April 14 in the Indian State of Manipur with much festivities and feasting. Sinhalese New Year is celebrated with the harvest festival when the sun moves from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries).
Malayali New Year is celebrated in the South Indian state of Kerala in mid-April.
Western parts of Karnataka where Tulu is spoken, the new year is celebrated along with Tamil/ Malayali New year April 14 or 15. In other parts most commonly celebrated on the day of Gudi Padwa, the Maharashtrian new year. In Kodagu, in Southwestern Karnataka, however, both new year, Yugadi (corresponding to Gudi Padwa in March) and Bisu (corresponding to Vishu in around April 14 or 15), are observed.
The Marwari New Year (Thapna) is celebrated on the day of the festival of Diwali, which is the last day Krishna Paksha of the Ashvin month & also the last day of the Ashvin month of the Hindu calendar. The Gujarati New Year (Bestu/Nao Varas) is celebrated the day after the festival of Diwali (which occurs in mid of either October or November, depending on the Lunar calendar).
The Islamic New Year occurs on Muharram. Since the Islamic calendar is based on 12 lunar months amounting to about 354 days, its New Year occurs about eleven days earlier each year in relation to the Gregorian calendar.
This way the celebration day differs from region to region in India as well as other countries.

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