P. V. Narasimha Rao

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao or P. V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996.

Updated: June 16, 2022

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao or P. V. Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996. Several major economic reforms were implemented during his term which led to the dismantling of the License Raj, opening up the Indian economy for speedy economic development and growth. Because of this he is often referred to as the "Father of Indian Economic Reforms".  


He rescued India from an economic collapse and set the pace for recovery and growth with his brilliant administration and relentless actions aimed towards the development of the country. He is also famous for being the first Prime Minster hailing from non-Hindi-speaking south India. He was a multi-faceted personality who was also a scholar and an intellectual. He spoke 17 languages and had interests in varied subjects like computer programming and literature. He was born on June 28th, 1921 and died on December 23rd, 2004.


Childhood of P. V. Narasimha Rao :

He was born on 28 June 1921 in a village in Warangal District, now in Telangana. He was adopted at the age of three by P. Ranga Rao and Rukminiamma, who hailed from agrarian families. His full name was Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao.


Education of P. V. Narasimha Rao:

He completed part of his primary education in Katkuru village of Bheemdevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district by staying in his relative Gabbeta Radhakishan Rao's house. After completing his schooling he enrolled at the Arts college at the Osmania University from where he earned his Bachelor's degree. He continued his studies at the Hislop College where he completed a Master's degree in law.


Family of P. V. Narasimha Rao:

Narasimha Rao was married to Satyamma Rao, who died in 1970. They had three sons and five daughters. His eldest son late P.V. Rangarao was an education minister in Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy's cabinet and MLA from Hanamakonda Assembly Constituency, in Warangal District for two terms. His second son, Late P.V. Rajeswara Rao, was a Member of Parliament of the 11th Lok Sabha (15 May 1996 – 4 December 1997) from Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency.


Some facts about P. V. Narasimha Rao:

  • Rao's mother tongue was Telugu, and he had an excellent command of Marathi. In addition to eight other Indian languages (Hindi, Oriya, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Sanskrit, Tamil and Urdu), he spoke English, French, Arabic, Spanish, German and Persian.
  • He fought a grueling war against the Nizam, risking his life as he strained to evade getting killed by the Nizam's army. On 15 August 1947 when India became independent, he was fighting in a forest.
  • He survived the war and joined politics after independence. He served in the Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly from 1957 to 1977.
  • Some of Rao's reforms included opening India's equity markets to investment by foreign institutional investors and starting the National Stock Exchange as a computer-based trading system in 1994.
  • Working along with the Finance Minster, Manmohan Singh, he introduced several measures including cutting government regulations and red tape, abandoning subsidies and fixed prices, and privatizing state-run industries, which ultimately revitalized the economy of India.
  • He was charged with corruption and bribery in an alleged vote-buying scam in 1993.
  • He suffered a heart attack on 9th December 2004 and died 14 days later on 23rd December 2004, at the age of 83.



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