Physical and Mental Changes of Women during Menopause

Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. When two essential hormones(estrogen and progesterone) needed for a woman's fertility is not produced by the ovaries the periods will be stopped resulting in menopause.

Updated: November 4, 2017

Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. When two essential hormones(estrogen and progesterone) needed for a woman's fertility is not produced by the ovaries the periods will be stopped resulting in menopause.
Menopause happens naturally with age. Usually, a woman will begin to experience menopause symptoms around her mid-40's as her body's reproductive capability comes to the end. At this stage many women experience some physical and emotional symptoms because of hormonal imbalance. Estrogen regulates the menstrual cycle and affects several parts of the body such as reproductive system, urinary tract, heart, blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles and brain.
The physical and mental changes of women during menopause include:

Fatigue:

Fatigue is a persistent feeling of weakness, tiredness, and lowered energy levels. Fatigue in menopause is caused by hormonal changes. Hormones such as estrogen regulate energy use at a cellular level of your body. So when hormone levels drops during menopause, the energy levels also decreases.
Chronic fatigue in menopause can have a high impact on daily life hampering work productivity, and quality of life. To restore energy levels it is essential to treat the underlying hormonal imbalance.

Hair Loss or Thinning:

Hair follicles need estrogen to sustain hair growth. Estrogen deficiency in menopause results in hair loss which is one of the most physically noticeable symptoms.
 Hair loss may be sudden or gradual, or indicate as thinning hair on the head or other parts of the body, including the pubic area. Hair may also become drier and more brittle, and may fall out more while brushing or in the shower. As it is a visible sign of aging,  this symptom is upsetting. To prevent hair loss during menopause, underlying hormonal imbalance should be treated.

Insomnia or Problems Sleeping:

Adults should get seven to eight hours of sleep each night for optimal health.  But during menopause it might be hard for you to fall asleep or stay asleep. You might wake up earlier than you wish and have trouble going to back to sleep. Women begin to experience restless sleep as many as five to seven years before entering menopause. Try relaxation and breathing techniques with regular exercise to get as much rest as you can.

Difficulty Concentrating:

Women in menopause have trouble remembering things, experience mental blocks, or have difficulty concentrating. Hormonal imbalance, specifically estrogen deficiency is main reason behind these symptoms which can have a big impact on all aspects of daily life.  However, not getting enough sleep or sleep disruptions can also impact memory problems and cause difficulty concentrating.

Weight Gain:

Another sign of changing hormones levels during menopause is weight gain, specifically a thickening around the waist. Lesser circulating estrogen hormones lead the body to retain more fat cells as an alternative source of components of estrogen which actually influence weight gain and redistribution of fat.  Low testosterone levels decreases metabolic rate. Therefore from menopause onward women need fewer calories daily and women who continue to eat as before will gain weight by default.
To increase the metabolic rate and prevent weight gain during menopause, changes in diet and exercise are necessary which will also help treating underlying hormonal imbalance. Water retention is often linked to menopause because water weight and bloating can result from a decrease in progesterone levels. The amount of testosterone hormone increases at the onset of menopause which is responsible for redistributing weight to the midsection instead of to the hips.

Dizziness:

Dizziness is a spinning sensation with a feeling of lightheadedness or unsteadiness. You may not be able to maintain balance upon standing or while walking. It can last for a few seconds, but can leave a woman feeling out of sorts for an extended period of time, or may even lead to falls, which can impact her daily home and work life.
It is caused by fluctuations in hormonal levels such as estrogen or many medical conditions.

Memory Lapses:

Memory loss, memory lapses, and an inability to concentrate are some of the symptoms found in women approaching menopause which are associated with low levels of estrogen and high stress levels.

Related Articles

Dental Implants: Reason for Replacement, Types, Benifits and Tips for Oral Care

Dental Implants: Reason for Replacement, Types, Benifits and Tips for Oral Care

Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. A dental implant is a titanium post like a tooth root that is surgically positioned into the jawbone under the gum line. They are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures.

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy

Causes of Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy

Urinary tract infection is one of the common infection that most women face during pregnancy.

Vaccines to Prevent Diphtheria: Tdap

Vaccines to Prevent Diphtheria: Tdap

To protect adolescents and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis, Tdap vaccine is given. This vaccine is meant for the children above 7 yeras of age who had not got DTaP.

Cinnamon For PCOS : Tips To Include Cinnamon In Your Diet

Cinnamon For PCOS : Tips To Include Cinnamon In Your Diet

One of the best remedies for PCOD is cinnamon. Cinnamon can reduce insulin resistance significantly which is the main cause for both diabetes and PCOD.

Sigmoidoscopy: Purpose, Preparation, Procedure and Risk

Sigmoidoscopy: Purpose, Preparation, Procedure and Risk

A sigmoidoscopy, also called a flexible sigmoidoscopy, is a procedure in which a doctor look inside your sigmoid colon by using a flexible tube with a light on it.

Ectopic Pregnancy Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Ectopic Pregnancy Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

When a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy.

Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Vertigo is the feeling of a sense that you or your environment is spinning. You have a sensation of feeling off balance.

Headaches and Hormonal Imbalance: Causes, symptoms, Complications, Treatment, Prevention

Headaches and Hormonal Imbalance: Causes, symptoms, Complications, Treatment, Prevention

Headache is the most common thing that we experience in our daily life. It can be caused by many factors, including genetics and dietary triggers.

Suppliers Across World


Browse suppliers across the globe including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yemen, Georgia, Congo, Poland, Singapore, Palau, Estonia, Laos, Virgin Islands, U.S., England, Sweden, Cyprus, Kuwait, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Bolivia, Malta, France, Norfolk Island, Finland, Iraq, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Syria, Argentina, French Southern territories, Zambia, Belarus, Bermuda, Anguilla, Tajikistan, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Puerto Rico, Indonesia, Fiji Islands, Serbia, Isle of Man, Gibraltar, Wallis and Futuna, Northern Ireland, Sao Tome and Principe, Liechtenstein, Sierra Leone, Venezuela, Dominica, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Barbados, Reunion, Honduras and other localities of World as well..