Physical and Mental Changes of Women during Menopause
Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. When two essential hormones(estrogen and progesterone) needed for a woman's fertility is not produced by the ovaries the periods will be stopped resulting in menopause.
Updated: November 4, 2017
Menopause is the end of a woman's menstrual cycle and fertility. When
two essential hormones(estrogen and progesterone) needed for a woman's
fertility is not produced by the ovaries the periods will be stopped
resulting in menopause.
Menopause happens naturally with age.
Usually, a woman will begin to experience menopause symptoms around her
mid-40's as her body's reproductive capability comes to the end. At this
stage many women experience some physical and emotional symptoms
because of hormonal imbalance. Estrogen regulates the menstrual cycle
and affects several parts of the body such as reproductive system,
urinary tract, heart, blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous
membranes, pelvic muscles and brain.
The physical and mental changes of women during menopause include:
is a persistent feeling of weakness, tiredness, and lowered energy
levels. Fatigue in menopause is caused by hormonal changes. Hormones
such as estrogen regulate energy use at a cellular level of your body.
So when hormone levels drops during menopause, the energy levels also
Chronic fatigue in menopause can have a high impact on
daily life hampering work productivity, and quality of life. To restore
energy levels it is essential to treat the underlying hormonal
Hair Loss or Thinning:Hair follicles need
estrogen to sustain hair growth. Estrogen deficiency in menopause
results in hair loss which is one of the most physically noticeable
Hair loss may be sudden or gradual, or indicate as
thinning hair on the head or other parts of the body, including the
pubic area. Hair may also become drier and more brittle, and may fall
out more while brushing or in the shower. As it is a visible sign of
aging, this symptom is upsetting. To prevent hair loss during
menopause, underlying hormonal imbalance should be treated.
Insomnia or Problems Sleeping:Adults
should get seven to eight hours of sleep each night for optimal
health. But during menopause it might be hard for you to fall asleep or
stay asleep. You might wake up earlier than you wish and have trouble
going to back to sleep. Women begin to experience restless sleep as many
as five to seven years before entering menopause. Try relaxation and
breathing techniques with regular exercise to get as much rest as you
Difficulty Concentrating:Women in menopause have
trouble remembering things, experience mental blocks, or have difficulty
concentrating. Hormonal imbalance, specifically estrogen deficiency is
main reason behind these symptoms which can have a big impact on all
aspects of daily life. However, not getting enough sleep or sleep
disruptions can also impact memory problems and cause difficulty
Weight Gain:Another sign of changing hormones
levels during menopause is weight gain, specifically a thickening
around the waist. Lesser circulating estrogen hormones lead the body to
retain more fat cells as an alternative source of components of estrogen
which actually influence weight gain and redistribution of fat. Low
testosterone levels decreases metabolic rate. Therefore from menopause
onward women need fewer calories daily and women who continue to eat as
before will gain weight by default.
To increase the metabolic rate
and prevent weight gain during menopause, changes in diet and exercise
are necessary which will also help treating underlying hormonal
imbalance. Water retention is often linked to menopause because water
weight and bloating can result from a decrease in progesterone levels.
The amount of testosterone hormone increases at the onset of menopause
which is responsible for redistributing weight to the midsection instead
of to the hips.
Dizziness:Dizziness is a spinning sensation
with a feeling of lightheadedness or unsteadiness. You may not be able
to maintain balance upon standing or while walking. It can last for a
few seconds, but can leave a woman feeling out of sorts for an extended
period of time, or may even lead to falls, which can impact her daily
home and work life.
It is caused by fluctuations in hormonal levels such as estrogen or many medical conditions.
loss, memory lapses, and an inability to concentrate are some of the
symptoms found in women approaching menopause which are associated with
low levels of estrogen and high stress levels.