Updated: August 15, 2020
Prediabetes, also known as borderline diabetes, is a metabolic condition arises when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it's not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes is an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes in future if you don't make some lifestyle changes.
The body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat being unable to metabolize glucose leading to weight loss.
The fluid present in our tissues will be pulled by excess sugar generated in the bloodstream causing increased thirst then usual.
Due to lack of insulin sugar can't move in to your cell leading to lack of energy in muscles and organ causing increased hunger.
Increased thirst lead to drink more water hence causing frequent urination
Risk factors are the same related to the development of type 2 diabetes:
The primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes is obesity. If you are overweight, the fatty tissue will make your cell insulin resistance, developing a risk for prediabetes.
The risk of prediabetes increases if you have a family history.
If you developed diabetes while you were pregnant, that increases your risk for developing prediabetes later on.
Either a fasting plasma glucose test or an HbA1c test may be used to diagnose prediabetes. If your blood glucose level is between 100 and 125mg/dL or HbA1c is 6.0 to 6.4% then you have prediabetes.
Prediabetes that are identified on early stage can be reversed, preventing them from progressing into type 2 diabetes. This can be done by changing your lifestyle by managing a healthy diet and adding regular physical exercise to your daily routine.
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