Updated: November 24, 2017
The lungs bring oxygen into the body when breathing in and send carbon dioxide out of the body when breathing out. Lung cancer tends to spread very early after it forms. It is a very life-threatening cancer and one of the most difficult cancers to treat. Lung cancer can spread to any organ in the body particularly the adrenal glands, liver, brain, and bones.
There is no sure way to prevent lung cancer, but you can reduce your risk if you:
Do not start smoking if you have never smoked. Make conversations about the dangers of smoking with your children early so that they know how to avoid it. Make them understand how to avoid this major risk factor for lung cancer.
Stop smoking if you have started. Quitting reduces your risk of lung cancer, even if you have smoked for years. Options Stop smoking. Stop smoking now. Quitting reduces your risk of lung cancer, even if you've smoked for years. Options that can help you quit include nicotine replacement products, medications and support groups.
If you live or work with a smoker, urge him or her to quit. At the very least, ask him or her to smoke outside. Avoid areas where people smoke, such as bars and restaurants, and seek out smoke-free options.
If you live in an area where radon is known to be a problem check the radon levels in your home.
Take precautions to protect yourself from exposure to toxic chemicals at work. Follow your employer's precautions if you are working in such environment. For example, always wear a face mask for protection if you are given in the workplace.
Your risk of lung damage from workplace carcinogens increases if you smoke.
Choose a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables. Food sources of vitamins and nutrients are best. Avoid taking large doses of vitamins in pill form, as they may be harmful.
If you do not exercise regularly, start out slowly. Try to exercise most days of the week to avoid the risk of lung cancer along with other health complications.
Shortness of breath is very common in people with lung cancer. Supplemental oxygen and medications are available to help you feel more comfortable, but they are not always enough. To cope with shortness of breath you may
Feeling short of breath can make you harder to breathe which can increase with fear and anxiety . Therefore when you begin to feel short of breath, try to manage the fear by choosing an activity that helps you relax such as listen to music, imagine your favorite vacation spot, meditate or say a prayer.
It may help to lean forward when you feel short of breath.
When you feel short of breath, focus your mind on your breathing. Instead of trying to fill your lungs with air, concentrate on moving the muscles that control your diaphragm. Try breathing through pursed lips and pacing your breaths with your activity.
You may become tired easily if you are short of breath. Cut out the nonessential tasks from your day so that you can save your energy for what needs to be done.