Updated: November 18, 2017
While there is no way to prevent asthma, you can prevent asthma attacks and live with your condition by following few steps.
Asthma is an ongoing condition that needs regular monitoring and treatment. Write a detailed plan for taking medications and managing an asthma attack and be sure to follow your plan. Taking control of your treatment can make you feel more in control of your life in general.
This can prevent flu and pneumonia from triggering asthma flare-ups.
Find out what causes or worsens your asthma, and take steps to avoid those triggers. These could be outdoor allergens and irritants, such as pollen, mold, cold air and air pollution.
There could be a warning signs of an impending attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath that can warn you about the attack. But before you notice any signs or symptoms, your lung function may decrease.Therefore its a good idea to regularly measure and record your peak airflow with a home peak flow meter.
You are less likely to have a severe attack and won't need much medication to control your symptoms if you act quickly to the incoming attack.
When your peak flow measurements decrease and alert you to an oncoming attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that could trigger the attack. If your symptoms do not improve, get medical help as directed in your action plan.
Do not change any medication or alter the dose on your own without talking to your doctor even if your asthma seems to be improving.
If you have to often use your quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol, your asthma is not under control. Talk to your doctor about adjusting your treatment.
By changing your lifestyle and using some of the home remedies you can maintain your health and lessen the possibility of asthma attacks.
Reducing your exposure to asthma triggers is a key part of asthma control which includes:
Air conditioning reduces the amount of airborne pollen from trees, grasses and weeds that enter indoors. Air conditioning also lowers indoor humidity and can reduce your exposure to dust mites.
If you do not have air conditioning, try to keep your windows closed during pollen season.
By replacing certain items in your bedroom, you can minimize dust that may worsen nighttime symptoms. You can encase pillows, mattresses and box springs in dustproof covers. Remove carpeting and install hardwood or linoleum flooring. Use washable curtains and blinds.
You can use a dehumidifier if you live in a damp climate.
Clean damp areas in the bath, kitchen and around the house to keep mold spores from developing. Stay away from moldy leaves or damp firewood in the yard.
Clean your home at least once a week. If you are dusting, wear a mask or have someone else do the cleaning.
If your asthma is worsened by cold or dry air, wearing a face mask can help.
If you are allergic to dander, avoid pets with fur or feathers. Having pets regularly bathed or groomed also may reduce the amount of dander in your surroundings.
Taking care of yourself can help keep your symptoms under control. This include:
Having asthma does not mean you have to be less active. Proper treatment can prevent asthma attacks and control symptoms during activity. Regular exercise can strengthen your heart and lungs, which helps relieve asthma symptoms. Wear a face mask to warm the air you breathe if you exercise in cold temperatures.
Being overweight can worsen asthma symptoms, and it puts you at higher risk of other health problems.
The acid reflux that causes heartburn may damage lung airways and worsen asthma symptoms. So if you have frequent or constant heartburn, you may need treatment for GERD to improve your asthma symptoms.