Punjab is a state in northern India that is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils.
Updated: September 26, 2019
Punjab is a state in northern India. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. Punjab is the 16th-largest state by population, comprising 22 districts. Punjabi is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The state capital is Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana. Punjab literally means the land of five rivers. Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab and Jhelum are the five rivers from which the region took its name. Sutlej, Ravi and Beas are part of the Indian Punjab.
Punjab is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils. Other major industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar.
Punjab has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India. These are mainly in Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district which is also known as Steel Town.
Diverse range of dishes is one of the main features of Punjabi cuisine. There are many regional dishes that are famous in some regions only. Many dishes like sarson da saag, Tandoori chicken, Shami kebab, makki di roti, etc are exclusive to Punjab.
Various sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, the ancient fort of Bathinda, the architectural monuments of Kapurthala, Patiala, and Chandigarh, the modern capital designed by Le Corbusier are some of the finest example of historic palaces, battle sites, and the great Sikh architecture of the state and the surrounding region. Golden Temple, Wagah border, Jallianwala Bagh, Sheesh Mahal are some of the major tourists attractions.
The Golden Temple in Amritsar is one of the major tourist destinations of Punjab and indeed India, attracting more visitors than the Taj Mahal. Devi Talab Mandir is a Hindu temple located in Jalandhar. This temple is devoted to Goddess Durga and is believed to be at least 200 years old. Another main tourist destination is religious and historic city of Sri Anandpur Sahib where large number of tourists come to see the Virasat-e-Khalsa (Khalsa Heritage Memorial Complex) and also take part in Hola Mohalla festival.
Kila Raipur Sports Festival is also popular tourist attraction in Kila Raipur near Ludhiana. Shahpur kandi fort, Ranjit Sagar lake and Sikh Temple in Sri Muktsar Sahib are also popular attractions in Punjab. The first museum of world is in Punjab that is based on the Indian Partition of 1947, in Amritsar, called the Partition Museum.