Rama Navami is a spring Hindu festival that celebrates the birthday of Lord Rama who was born on Navami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month.
Updated: October 10, 2018
Rama Navami is a spring Hindu festival that celebrates the birthday of Lord Rama who was born on Navami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Chaitra month. As Lord Rama was born during Madhyahna period which is middle of Hindu day, Madhyahna is the most auspicious time to perform Rama Navami Puja rituals.
The festival is a part of the spring Navratri which falls on the ninth day of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra. This typically occurs in the Gregorian months of March or April every year. Rama Navami is an optional government holiday in India.
Rama is considered as the seventh avatar of Vishnu in Vaishnavism tradition of Hinduism. It is celebrated by many devotee with devotional worship such as bhajan and kirtan, by fasting and reading passages about life of Rama. Eight Prahar fasting is suggested during Rama Navami. Which means devotes should observe the fast from sunrise to sunrise.
Some cities like Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, Bhadrachalam in Telangana and Sitamarhi in Bihar observe the festival with major celebrations. Some locations organize Rath-yatras or chariot processions, while some celebrate it as the wedding anniversary festival of Rama and Sita known as Kalyanotsavam. After taking holy dip into river Sarayu, devotees visit Rama temple to participate in birthday celebrations in Ayodhya. The festival typically includes reverence for Sita, Lakshmana and Hanumana along with Rama. The sun god, is also a part of the worship and ceremonies in some communities. Some Vaishnava Hindus observe the festival in Hindu temples, some observe it within their homes. All nine days of Chaitra Navaratri is celebrated by remembering Rama, and reading the Ramayana in some south Indian Vaishnava communities. Charitable events to help those in need and community meals are organized by temples and Vaishnava organizations on this day.
In eastern Indian states such as Odisha, Jharkhand, and West Bengal, the Jagannath temples and regional Vaishnava community observe Rama Navami. In these places the day is considered to start the preparations for the annual Jagannath Ratha Yatra.
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