Updated: June 16, 2022
Rani Lakshmibai famously known as 'Jhansi Ki Rani' was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India currently present in Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh, India. She was one of the leading warriors of India's First War of Independence. She surprised the British by showing extraordinary fighting spirit and valor in battles fought at Jhansi, then Kalpi and lastly at Gwalior.
The fearless and brave death she chose was an inspiration to the patriots, thus becoming immortal in history. She was born on November 19th, 1828 and died on June 18th, 1858.
She was born on November 19th, 1828 in Kashi (present day Varanasi) to Moropanth Tambe, a court adviser, and his wife, Bhagirathi Sapre, an intelligent and religious lady. Her parents belonged to the Maharashtrian Brahmin community.
Her childhood name was Mannikarnika (Manu). She lost her mother at the age of four and the complete responsibility of young Manu fell on her father. She grew up with Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope. The three of them would eventually become active participants in India's first war of independence. The peshwa called her 'Chhabili', which means 'playful'.
She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age. Her studies included shooting, horsemanship, fencing and mallakhamba with her childhood friends Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope.
Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan and Baadal.
In 1842, she married Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, Maharaja of Jhansi, and was named as â€˜Lakshmibaiâ€™. In 1851, they were blessed with a child, Damodar Rao, but he died when four months old. Later, they adopted Anand Rao, the son of Raja Gangadhar Rao's cousin, and renamed him Damodar Rao. After the death of Raja in November 1853, the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, applied the 'Doctrine of Lapse'. As Damodar Rao was an adopted son, he was declined the throne of Jhansi and the British company annexed the state of Jhansi to its territories through deceit.
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